defence mechanisms - DEFENCE MECHANISMS Projection this is...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 29 pages.

1 DEFENCE MECHANISMS Projection: this is a form of defense mechanism in which unwanted feelings are displaced into another person where they then appear as threat from the external world. Sublimation: Mature type of defense mechanism where socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are unconsciously transformed into socially acceptable actions behavior, possibly resulting into a long term conversation of the initial impulse. Reaction formation: defense mechanism in which a person avoids one position by taking a polar opposite opposition. Intellectualization : defense mechanism where reasoning is used to block confrontation Regression: situation in which an individual returns to the earlier stages of development whenever they are frustrated e.g ladies crying whenever they can’t get what they want Introjection: Adopting aspect of another person who is better able to cope Rationalization : A defense mechanism in which controversial behavior or feelings are justified and explained in a seemingly rational or logical manner to avoid a true explanation and are made consciously tolerable or even admirable .It can be used to avoid disappointments for example I didn’t get the job I applied for ,but I really didn’t want it in the first place.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

2 DEVELOPMENT. Systematic changes registered in an individual that occurs between conception and death. These systematic changes occur in 3 blood areas as; Physical Cognitive Psychosocial development These are themes on how human beings grow and develop in the following categories; a) Learning/ behavioral theories, social learning and information processing theories b) Cognitive theories c) Psychoanalytic theory of development d) Humanistic psychology and self- theories. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT. This refers to a dynamic process where the two words are used interchangeably yet they have different meaning. In psychology growth refers to the first twenty tears of life where physical, cognitive and psychosocial empowerment is increasingly visible. Development starts at the same time with growth but continues until the biological clock starts ticking. HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT . This refers to a thorough examination from conception, infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and aging. Theories help us explain broad but related categories of physical cognitive and social development. An overview of human growth and development. Domains of development . i. Physical ii. Body size iii. Appearance
Image of page 2
3 iv. System v. Motor capabilities Cognitive. i. Intellectual abilities ii. Attention iii. Memory iv. Imagination v. Creativity vi. Language Social (emotional) i. Self-understanding ii. Knowledge about friends iii. Intimate relationship iv. Morals v. Emotional expression vi. Communication Continuity of development- a gradual process that views skills that helps us to respond to the world around us.
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 4
  • Summer '14
  • Prof.EmmaNgure
  • Developmental Psychology, stage, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Theory of cognitive development

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern