Hinduism Unit

Hinduism Unit - Hinduism Unit Intro to Hinduism...

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Unformatted text preview: Hinduism Unit Intro to Hinduism Monotheistic- one divine essence from which everything comes Polymorphous monotheism- god can take many forms Brahman- over all god God has different names for different activities An attempt to move out of a persons caste during their life time is considered a major violation Reincarnation- a means of punishment or reward Karma- every action has a consequence Dharma- persons duty to make right choices based on his or her caste Rita- cosmic or world order, would be perfect if everyone followed their dharma In order to be Hindu one must only seek divinity To ask questions and doubt are accepted Rituals are only held to help focus an individuals search for divinity not for the gods Ultimate goal of Hinduism is to achieve Nirvana Nirvana- a state of being where a person leaves the reincarnation system, looses their individuality and their soul becomes one with Brahman Names of god: Brahman (inactive Godhead, Ground of Being) Ishvara (active Godhead) The Trimurti (depicted as male) Brahma Vishnu Shiva (creator) (preserver) (destroyer) Sarasvati Lakshmi Sati (loyalty & fertility) (knowledge) (beauty) Parvati (faith & devotion) Uma (devotion) Kali (death & motherhood) The Shaktis (female energy counterparts) Major Functions of god o Brahman- over all essence inactive o Ishvara- active god o The Trimurti (depicted as male): Brahma- god during creation Vishnu- god during preservation Shiva- god during destruction o The Shakits (depicted as female)- represent the energy of action for god Sarasvati- energy of creation, represents knowledge, associated with Brahma Lakshmi- energy of perseveration, represents beauty, associated with Vishnu Sati- energy of destruction, represents loyalty and fertility), associated with Shiva Parvati- energy of destruction, represents faith and devotion, associated with Shiva Uma- energy of destruction, represents devotion, associated with Shiva Kali- energy of destruction, represents death and motherhood, associated with Shiva When god decides to act he is referred to as one of the Trimurti When god acts his action is represented by the Shaktis Caste System Caste system- determines what job a person holds, people are born into a caste Caste into which a person is born is determined by how well they lead their last life People being as lowest caste then move up Shudras- lowest caste includes manual laborers and servants untouchables Vaishyas- merchants and farmers Kshatriyas- soldiers and politicians Brahmans- wealthy people and priests The Churning of the Ocean Indra- king of the devas is cursed by Shiva for slighting him Shiva makes the three worlds loose strength and they are destroyed Demons take part in the destruction and chase the gods away The gods go to Brahma for protection and help Brahma sends the gods to Vishnu...
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Hinduism Unit - Hinduism Unit Intro to Hinduism...

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