Native American Unit notes

Native American Unit notes - Native American Unit Native...

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Native American Unit Native American Mythology Gods don’t have names Closer to oral tradition Animals and people are often interchangeable Four is a sacred number – represents divinity ex. (4 times a day, 4 different directions N-S-E-W) Axis Mundi- represents center of world or connection with divinity, always a tall vertical object Trickster- character that tries to become a part of a society Culture Hero- character that brings a gift to society o Often a trickster o Steals gifts such as water, light and fire and gives it to the people Smaller animals are smarter than larger animals and will often win in a confrontation Native American Culture Pantheism- belief that there is a divine spirit in everything Vendella- belief that everything is connected in a circle Native Americans traveled from Asia across a land bridge from Siberia around 11,000 BC. New evidence suggests that some native Americans crossed the pacific ocean from Asia to California
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Most are un written cultures Some parts of myths cannot be told to people outside the culture Key Creation Motifs Earth diver- all water and no land, a character brings up mud from the bottom of the sea and creates land o Often seen in cultures that live on the coast Emergence- people or pre people emerge from under the earth o Often seen in plains cultures Duality- pairing of some sort of opposites o Not pure good vs. evil relationship Imperfect creator- divine makes mistake and needs people to help correct these mistakes Methods of Contacting Divinity Shamanism o To enter a trance like state o Shaman- a person or people that are closest to divinity o Displays belief that the soul is separable from the body o Often practiced in nomadic hunting cultures because people are alone representing the individualistic hunting society
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o Vision quest- when young people come of age they go out on their own without food until they see a vision o Peyote- hallucinogenic drug often used on vision quests o When person returns from contact with divinity the group analyzes the vision Ritual o A group activity o More seen in agricultural societies where people depend more on each other o Kiva- underground chamber where rituals are preformed o Key part of rituals are emerging from the kiva representing emergence o Often coincides with cultures with emergence creation motifs o Kachina- doll that represents ancestors Contact with white culture Trail of tears o Five civilized tribes- located in Georgia, Tennessee, and South Carolina o Gold was discovered in Georgia in 1828 o President Jackson issues the Indian Removal Act to move tribes to the west o The Cherokee tribe sued the American government o Supreme court sided with the Cherokee
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o Governor of Georgia disobeys the supreme court ruling o The Cherokee are forced to leave their homes o Cherokee are forced on the Trail of Tears to walk to their new homes in olkahoma o 1/4 to 1/3 die on the trail of tears
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Native American Unit notes - Native American Unit Native...

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