midterm 1 study guide - Session 2 Key Qs 1 What are the key characteristics of the Mediterranean inter-state relationships during the Middle and Late

midterm 1 study guide - Session 2 Key Qs 1 What are the key...

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Session 2: Key Qs: 1. What are the key characteristics of the Mediterranean ‘inter-state relationships’ during the Middle and Late Aegean Bronze Age (= MALABA ) ? a. Period where civilizations are born during MALABA b. Globalization 1:1 to modern world; Far East directly Far West c. Trade between, diplomacy for relationships 2. Which states were the MALABA superpowers? a. Akkadians and Egyptians b. Then later Hitites, Babylonians, then Greeks 3. What is the significance of Sir Arthur Evans for the study of the Minoans? a. Arthur Evans discovered whole civilization ~1900 b. Discovers the Minoans & founded Minoan study 4. What do we know about Minoan writing system ? a. Pictographs, & syllabury 5. Who were the Minoans and how do they fit in the world of MALABA? What were the sources of their wealth? a. Minoan does not equal Greek; trading superpower and one of most important in Mediterranean b. Trade & production & export c. Thalassocracy > established themselves as big player 6. what kinds of sources do we have for reconstruction of Minoan culture and society? a. Archeological remnants, roads, palaces, environments, reports from other civilizations about Minoans 7. Which functions did Minoan palaces serve? What do we know about the structure of Minoan society? a. Regal, administrative, & community centers, supplies for whole region in palace b. Very little about structure of society; transposed british (bc Arthur Evans) monarchy on archaeological remnants 8. what do we know about minoan religion? a. Religion > anthropomorphic + polytheistic > but not limited to anthropomorphic > also represent non humans b. Anthropomorphism = Arthur Evans= - pre-alphabetic cultures/ - saw women in Crete using “stones/ amulets” or milk stones ( galopetres) , seal stones o writing system? Hieroglyphs? o Noticed particular symbol of double ax Heinrich Schliemann=
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- rival of Arthur Evans Minos= - king of Crete and sent for tributes from Athens; legend of Minotaur Theseus= man who slayed the Minotaur and defeated Minos and the labyrinth disc of Phaistos= ( ex of linear A) - 45 individual symbols - no idea what it means / linear A = mystery - Minoan , on Crete - Fired clay - Syllabury : picto and ideo - Sophisticated since writing ; some ppl must be literate - May be tax / administrative records euhemerism in interpretation of myths= Minoan thalassocracy - “euhemeros’ = interpret myth and history > look for historic reality from fantastic galopetres = milk stones ( the ones that Arthur evans found on Crete leading him to linear A) ideogram/ ideograph= a symbol not resembling the object represented, or represents an abstract idea labrys= - most important representation of Minoans, double edged axe - associated with bull and sacrifice of bulls - give the gods the most valuable / healthy bull - symbol inscribed in Minoan world, tool and symbol Linear A= - syllabury = a writing system in which one sign stands for 1 syllable - pictogram : a symbol resembling the object represented - ideograms : a symbol not resembling the object represented, or represents an abstract object MALABA= middle and late Aegean bronze age Mytho-history =
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