Test 3 - HIST 2057 NOTES TEST#3 FOREIGN POLICY INTERVENTION IN WORLD WAR II I Initial Response to Aggression Abroad A Aggression 1 After WWI the League

Test 3 - HIST 2057 NOTES TEST#3 FOREIGN POLICY INTERVENTION...

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HIST 2057 NOTES TEST #3 FOREIGN POLICY: INTERVENTION IN WORLD WAR II I. Initial Response to Aggression Abroad A. Aggression 1. After WWI, the League of Nations and World Courts were set up to prevent another world war from taking place a. Europe creates a theoretical structure of peace 2. Problems with this new peace a. Germany was disarmed, made to pay reparations, and had to admit guilt in WWI b. Russians were not very happy with the treaty and believe they earned more c. Japanese were not very happy either because they thought their status as a world power was threatened by the outcome of WWI d. United States did not sign the treaty nor did it join the League of Nations e. Also, a worldwide depression follows WWI and all cooperation just fails as each nation becomes more and more nationalistic (look out for only themselves) 3. Aggression overseas (1935-1937) a. Japan, Germany, and Italy are trying to expand their empires i. Germany breaks the treaty by rearming themselves in the Rhineland ii. Italy tries to expand into Ethiopia in Africa iii. Japan tries to move into China 4. Response to Aggression in Europe a. League of Nations don’t do anything about any of this b. Britain and France call for isolation for now B. Initial U.S. Response 1. Congress and most Americans are for Neutrality a. Congress responds with a series of laws called the Neutrality Acts i. If war breaks out, America will not sell goods or loan money to either side ii. If war breaks out, Americans are banned from any ship in a war zone 2. FDR a. Roosevelt’s first job in government was assistant secretary to the Navy and by heart was an internationalist b. He sees early on (1937) the dangers that this foreign aggression brings to U.S. i. Always see Germany as a bigger threat than Japan

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