Anthro Reading Questions Week 6 Part 1 Bodley pp. 103-128; 133-138 1.How was Leslie White’s theory describing the relationship between energy and cultural evolution flawed? (p104) 2.Why are high energy societies unsustainable over the long term? (p104-106) 3.What is ‘peak oil’ and what are its implications for the sustainability of a petroleum-based world system? (p106-108) 4.Historically, what has been the relationship between capitalism and consumption? (p117)The focus on resources consumption accelerating shows that capitalism is the 5.What segment of the population encourages ever-higher increases in resource consumption? (p122)
6. What are ‘externalities’?(p122) The byproduct of production/ consumption process such as waste depletion pollution and various indirect social cost are called externalities. They do not immediately detract from growth measured by GDP and they may actually increase it. 7. Compare and contrast the Genuine Progress Indicator with Gross National Product (GDP). (p125) GPI offers a separate accounting of consumption that directly supports human well being, listing these apart from things that benefit the economy. GPIs also include things such as unpaid domestic labor, volunteer work, and community infrastructure. GPIS are adjusted downward for the cost of crime pollution and environmental degradation.
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