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HWT- 3-27-08 Class Notes - Class Notes Origins of Europe...

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3/27/08 Class Notes Origins of Europe     -     500-1300CE Feudalism-      ‘fief holding’= Nobility, appeared in 11 th  cent, common in 12 th  cent.  Nobles important because land was  passed down through families.  The  Noble  who owned all the land granted portions of it to lesser noble,  Vassall ¸  who  promised to serve the lord.   o Homage     -    Vassall promised to be faithful to the lord and support the lord in battle. o Hereditary possession-      land eventually becomes owned by Vassall, then can have a vassal o Manors-      worked by peasants, but otherwise peasants were kept out of it. o Kings-      wanted to use fief holding and homage to secure own positions.   William of Normandy imposed self as lord of England in 1066.   State-      4 important political entities: German Empire, Papal Monarchy, France and England. o Crowning of Charlemagne-      2 significances: 1.) reviving the idea of empire,  2.) to assert authority of the  church over the empire, yet Charlemagne said empire was supreme over church.
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