Descartes Powerpoint

Descartes Powerpoint - Archetypes of Wisdom Douglas J....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Archetypes of Wisdom Douglas J. Soccio Chapter 10: The Rationalist: Rene  Descartes
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Reformation What is known today as the Protestant Reformation began in Germany on October 31, 1517, when Martin Luther (1483-1546), a Roman Catholic Augustinian monk and professor at the University of Wittenberg, nailed ninety-five theses (criticisms of church teachings and practices) to the church door. The philosophical significance of Luther’s move lay in its implication that individual experience and interpretation are more truly Christian than unquestioning acceptance of an official, authoritative position.
Background image of page 2
The Copernican Revolution In the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed that the universe was carefully created by God, and that human beings were the purpose of this Creation. The world of nature was thus thought to reflect a spiritual order. This geocentric worldview can be both comforting and reassuring: if the universe manifests designed order, then each of us is assured that we “belong” where we are. But once Copernicus’s work was known, the earth was cut loose from its central place of honor, and became just one more planet revolving around the sun. If the earth was reduced in significance, what about us?
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Problem of Authority The origins of modern philosophy lie in: The proliferation of scientific advances, The loss of central authority by the Roman Catholic church, The decline of a stable social order as a result of that loss of authority, and In a mind by the name of René Descartes.
Background image of page 4
René Descartes René Descartes (1596-1650) was born into an old and respected family in the French province of Touraine. After completing his studies as the Jesuit college at La Flèche, he earned degrees in law at the University of Poitiers. On November 10, 1619, he had a revelation in which he “discovered the foundations of a wonderful new science”. He believed he had been divinely encouraged to establish a universal method of reasoning, based on mathematical principles, which would guarantee the absolutely certain truth of its results.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Solitary Intellect Solitary and secretive, Descartes preferred to avoid the distractions and commotion of city life and social involvements. He lived alone most of his life, and during a twenty-year period lived in twenty different houses. Living this way, he was able to study philosophy, geometry, physics, optics, circulation, and other topics. In September of 1649, he became a tutor for the Queen of
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course 3600 101 taught by Professor Carpenter during the Fall '08 term at The University of Akron.

Page1 / 20

Descartes Powerpoint - Archetypes of Wisdom Douglas J....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online