4/15/08 Class Notes • Late Middle Ages-after Pope Boniface III’s death, popes continued to have power. Cardinals were forced to choose an Italian pope, majority of cardinals were French, ended up being 2 popes, one in Rome, one in France. o Great Western Schism-1378-1417. rift, Counsel of Pisa met and elected a new pope (3 popes) o Counsel of Constance-Schism was ended; Martin V was elected pope, other 3 abolished. Conciliarism = developed soon after Schism. General Counsel of the church is superior in power to the pope, can initiate reform or depose the pope (representative government). Counsels. o Renaissance- Martin V was first Renaissance pope. Popes became more involved in Italian politics, popes chosen more for admin skills than religious background. Very secular. Church in need of a reform. Papacy lost much of its power and prestige. o Nation States-replaced Holy Roman Empire, kings of France and England wanted control of their own territories (politically and religiously.)
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.