4/15/08 Class Notes•Late Middle Ages-after Pope Boniface III’s death, popes continued to have power. Cardinals were forced to choose an Italian pope, majority of cardinals were French, ended up being 2 popes, one in Rome, one in France. oGreat Western Schism-1378-1417. rift, Counsel of Pisa met and elected a new pope (3 popes)oCounsel of Constance-Schism was ended; Martin V was elected pope, other 3 abolished. Conciliarism = developed soon after Schism. General Counsel of the church is superiorin power to the pope, can initiate reform or depose the pope (representative government). Counsels.oRenaissance- Martin V was first Renaissance pope. Popes became more involved in Italian politics, popes chosen more for admin skills than religious background. Very secular. Church in need of a reform. Papacy lost much of its power and prestige.oNation States-replaced Holy Roman Empire, kings of France and England wanted control of their own territories (politically and religiously.)
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Late Middle Ages, Schism- 1378-1417. rift, Pope Boniface III, horrible oozing welts, Lateran Counsel- Pope