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HWT- 4-15-08 Class Notes - Class Notes • Late Middle Ages...

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4/15/08 Class Notes Late Middle Ages- after Pope Boniface III’s death, popes continued to have power. Cardinals were forced to choose an Italian pope, majority of cardinals were French, ended up being 2 popes, one in Rome, one in France. o Great Western Schism - 1378-1417. rift, Counsel of Pisa met and elected a new pope (3 popes) o Counsel of Constance - Schism was ended; Martin V was elected pope, other 3 abolished. Conciliarism = developed soon after Schism. General Counsel of the church is superior in power to the pope, can initiate reform or depose the pope (representative government). Counsels. o Renaissance - Martin V was first Renaissance pope. Popes became more involved in Italian politics, popes chosen more for admin skills than religious background. Very secular. Church in need of a reform. Papacy lost much of its power and prestige. o Nation States - replaced Holy Roman Empire, kings of France and England wanted control of their own territories (politically and religiously.)
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