4/1/08 Class Notes•Family Farm- basic means of production. Former roman patricians forced to settle on own estates. •Manoralism- or serfdom, marks beginning of peasantry. Only small minority had roles as craftsmen or artisans. Some were landowners, some worked the land. Biggest worry was safety, didn’t have laws to protect them like Romans had. Had to turn to nearest feudal lord and their army. Had to accept whatever feudal lords said or else all freedom is gone.Class you were born into really mattered, essentially determined your fateSmall farms sometimes absorbed into the lords land, sometimes freedom taken away—couldn’t even leave the manor were serfs•Serf- tied to the land, if they left, could be punished with death. Status inherited by the children.
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Manorialism, Manors Fundamental unit, nearest feudal lord, lord first= serfs, Farm basic means