Mill Powerpoint - Archetypes of Wisdom Douglas J Soccio...

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Archetypes of Wisdom Douglas J. Soccio Chapter 13: The Utilitarian: John Stuart  Mill
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Social Hedonism Modern utilitarianism developed as a response to social conditions created by the Industrial Revolution, which created a class of workers whose jobs were repetitious, dangerous and poorly paid – i.e., degrading and dehumanizing. Hordes of workers sought in the mill towns and cities, creating large slums. High rents resulted in overcrowding, as poorly paid workers lived two and three families to an apartment.
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Thomas Malthus In 1798, Thomas Malthus (1766-1834), an Anglican minister, published An Essay on the Principle of Population as It Affects the Future Improvement of Society . In it Malthus expressed grave doubts about the feasibility of social reform. Malthus argued that although food production increases arithmetically, unchecked population growth progresses geometrically. Troubled by the growing slums, Malthus concluded that the only way to avoid such harsh “natural cures” as war and epidemics was to stop helping the poor and remove all restraints on the free enterprise system.
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It was in this context that Jeremy Bentham (1748- 1832) directly challenged the owners, bosses, and ruling classes when he insisted that “each counts as one and only one”. Bentham blasted those in power for pursuing their own narrow, socially destructive goals, instead of pursuing happiness for everyone. His solution was to establish democratic rule by the whole people, rather than by a select class.
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The Principle of Utility Bentham attempted to base his philosophy on careful observation of social conditions and actual human behavior. Like Aristippus before him, Bentham saw that pain and pleasure shape all human activity. In
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Mill Powerpoint - Archetypes of Wisdom Douglas J Soccio...

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