Impact of Technology Overview The heathcare academic...

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Impact of Technology Overview The heathcare academic literature seems to be saturated with articles on technology. The articles in this section are intended to be representative, covering a wide range of topics relating to the impact of technology on the healthcare system. Most articles assume that the overall impact is positive and focus on how to assess technology as it changes or what to do in light of its rapid and continuing advancement. Although these articles indicate overwhelming belief that technology’s impact is one of potentially great benefit, different levels of caution accompany this positive assessment. The greatest impacts of technology (beyond the obvious increase in medical ability and options) include the increasingly rapid pace of advancement (and consequently a significant amount of instability), increasingly intricate processes for weighing costs and benefits, more knowledgeable patients (which results in greater pressure to involve patients in decision making), and the burgeoning field of telemedicine. Information overload and loss of human touch are also often mentioned. Defining Technology Alexander works toward a definition of technology to evaluate its role in nursing care. Technology, from the management perspective, is seen as all the work and responsibility of providing a service. The rest of the articles appear to assume a medical science perspective, focussing more on the equipment and procedures used by those in the medical profession. Measuring the Advancement of Technology Alexander seeks to measure the changes in nursing technology over time. Sachdeva notes that different paradigms of distributive justice also contribute to this variance. Countries consequently vary on what technology is appropriate to adopt. Green discusses, by comparison to evolution theory, the necessity (or inextricability) of many errors along with success in the trials that lead to technological advance. Due to this, methods such as New Product labels should be used to allow patient-consumers to make their own assessments about the value of new technology. Describing New Technology De Ville also provides an example by considering the ethical and legal implications of regular and widespread use of handheld medical computers. Positive or negative value judgment is withheld. Damiano gives robotically assisted endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting as an example of advancing technology that promises great benefit but first must undergo more trials. Schlag considers the hopeful possibility of telemedicine for the future of surgery.
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Assessing New Technologies Kaushal provides an example by assessing, through a review of current literature, the value of information technology (IT) for reducing the amount of medication errors in pediatric healthcare, concluding that these technological interventions have a high potential for being of great benefit.
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