CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY - CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 1. Political systems...

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CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 1. Political systems can be assessed according to 2 dimensions: a. The degree to which they emphasize collectivism as opposed to individualism b. The degree to which they are democratic or totalitarian 2. Collectivism is an ideology that views the needs of society as being more important than the needs of the individual. Collectivism translate into an advocacy for state intervention in economic activity and, in the case of communism, a totalitarian dictatorship. 3. Individualism is an ideology that is built on an emphasis of the primacy of individual’s freedoms in the political, economic, and cultural realms. Individualism translates into an advocacy for democratic ideals and free market economics. 4. Democracy and totalitarianism are at different ends of the political spectrum. In a representative democracy, citizens periodically elect individuals to represent them and political freedoms are guaranteed by a constitution. IN a totalitarian state, political power in monopolized by a party, group, or individual, and basic
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CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY - CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 1. Political systems...

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