Anthropology--Exam1OutlinesVocab

Anthropology--Exam1OutlinesVocab - Chapter 1: The Essence...

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Chapter 1: The Essence of Anthropology 1. The Development of Anthropology 2. The Anthropological Perspective 3. Anthropology and Its Fields a. Physical Anthropology i. Paleoanthropology ii. Human Growth, Adaptation, and Variation iii. Forensic Anthropology iv. Primatology b. Cultural Anthropology i. Ethnography ii. Ethnology c. Archaeology i. Cultural Resource Management d. Linguistic Anthropology 4. Anthropology, Science, and the Humanities a. Fieldwork 5. Anthropology’s Comparative Method 6. Questions of Ethics 7. Anthropology and Globalization Anthropology—the study of humankind in all times and places
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Holistic perspective—a fundamental principle of anthropology: that the various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence. Culture-bound—theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one’s own culture. Applied anthropology—the use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client. Physical anthropology—also known as biological anthropology. The systematic study of humans as biological organisms. Molecular anthropology—a branch of biological anthropology that uses genetic and biochemical techniques to test hypotheses about human evolution, adaptation, and variation. Paleoanthropology—the study of the origins and predecessors of the present human species Biocultural—focusing on the interaction of biology and culture. Forensic anthropology—applied subfield of physical anthropology that specializes in the identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes. Primatology—the study of living and fossil primates Cultural anthropology—also known as social or sociocultural anthropology. The study of customary patterns in human behavior, thought, and feelings. It focuses on humans as culture-producing and culture-reproducing creatures. Culture—a society’s shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make sense of experience and which generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior. Ethnography—a detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on fieldwork. Fieldwork—the term anthropologists use for on-location research.
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Participant observation—in ethnography, the technique of learning a people’s culture through social participation and personal observation within the community being studied, as well as interviews and discussion with individual members of the group over an extended period of time. Ethnology—the study and analyses of different cultures from a comparative or historical point of view, utilizing ethnographic accounts and developing anthropological theories that help explain why certain important differences or similarities occur among groups. Archaeology—the study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2008 for the course ANT 1301 taught by Professor Macauley during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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Anthropology--Exam1OutlinesVocab - Chapter 1: The Essence...

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