AUO_HUM200_M1A3_031014 (1)

AUO_HUM200_M1A3_031014 (1) - Recognizing Arguments In this...

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Recognizing Arguments In this assignment, you will apply key concepts covered in the module readings. You will identify the component parts of arguments and differentiate between various types of arguments such as inductive and deductive. You will then construct specific, original arguments. There are two parts to the assignment. Complete both parts. Part 1 1a: Identify Components of Arguments Identify the component parts of the argument, premises and conclusion, for the following passages. Where applicable, highlight key words or phrases that identify a claim as a premise or a conclusion. Refer to the following example: “All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.” All men are mortal. Premise Socrates is a man. Premise Therefore , Socrates is mortal. Conclusion “Therefore” is a key word indicating the claim is the conclusion. 1. Sue is pregnant and will give birth to one child. We know already this child has no genetic anomalies. If Sue’s baby is a boy, he will be named Mark. If Sue’s baby is a girl, she will be named Margaret. Sue will have either a boy or a girl. So we know Sue’s baby will be named Mark or Margaret. Premises- Sue is pregnant and will give birth to one child. Premises-This child has no genetic anomalies. Conclusion- Sue will have either a boy or girl. 2. If the library has The Lord of the Rings, you won’t find it on the first floor. This is because all fantasy novels are fiction and all works of fiction are housed on the second floor of the library. Of course, I am assuming that all the books are properly shelved at this time. Premises- All fantasy novels are fiction.Premises-All works of fiction are housed on the second floor. Conclusion- The Lord of the Rings, you won't find it on the first floor. 3. “After a year, brain scans showed that among the walkers, the hippocampus had increased in volume by about 2 percent on average; in the others, it had declined by about 1.4 percent. Since such a decline is normal in older adults, ’a 2 percent increase is fairly significant,’ said the lead author, Kirk Erickson, a psychologist at the University of Pittsburgh. Both groups also improved on a test of spatial memory, but the walkers improved more. While it is hard to generalize from this study to other populations, the researchers were delighted to learn that the hippocampus might expand with exercise” (Span, 2011).
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