ChinaQuizNotes - China Notes Historical Setting...

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China Notes Historical Setting Confucianism -Conservative philosophy -Conceived of a society and the polity in terms of an ordered hierarchy of harmonious relationships Imperial order in China Guomindang (nationalist party) Chinese Communist Party Mao Zedong Middle Kingdom: ethnocentrism, kowtow to the emperor Background: China after 1911 Revolution of 1911 was intended to create a modern republican form of gov in China Instead, country broke up into warlord demoinated regions with increasing poverty and violence Guomindang (Nationalist) Party led the revolution, but controlled few areas Background: Guomintang Sun Yat-sen (Yixian) was the main leader of the 1911 revolution and the KMT Died in 1925 and succeeded by chiang kai shek Chiang cooperated with communists for a time, but then massacred them in 1927. Background: Mao Mao born in 1896 as son of affluent peasant in Hunan province After service in provincial army in 1911 rev, mao attended a teacher’s college Attended Beijing University and worked in the library there. Mao was leader of the Chinese Commie party since its founding in 1921. Most chinese commies believed that urban workers were the group that would be the most important supporters of the revolution, mao decided that peasants had more revolutionary potential. Mao and land reform Mao discovered even in the 1920s that the commies could win support of peasants by taking away land from rich and sharing with poor Mao learned how to get the vast majority of peasants on his side by concentrating the confiscations on a small minority of wealthy farmers Mao Zedong Led commie area in Jiangxi province in 1934, but attacks by Nationalist pArty gov forced them to undergo the Long March lasting over a year and covering 3700 miles to a new, safer area to the north in Shanxi Province. Of the over 85,000 commies who fled from the nationalists , only ~10,000 survived Yan’an 1935-1948 Over a decade, mao and commie leaders operated amor yan an in northern china land reform stuff Rise of Communism End of WW2, russians moved into manchuria against the gaps and were able to share weapons with the commies stalin urged mao to ally w/ chiang kai she rather than to right him due to corruption and inefficiency among KMT leadership, commies took power in mainland china in october 1949 KMT leaders retreated to taiwan now mao was in charge of the whole country :^)
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Mao Zedong and China’s Future 1949 Commie victory formally creates PRC until death in 1976, mao was the chief architect and agitator for a rpoejct to lead an agrarian people to modernization, prosperity, and a commie utopia. after mao’s death” successors rejected most of revolutionary project, declaring it a failure. successors launched a new era of reform History of PRC under Mao -landlord trials -lean to one side (Soviet Union and Communism) -great leap forward -retreat from the leap -sino-soviet split -cultural revolution -rise of ding xiaoping Trials of Landlords Accusing the landlord of abusing his tenants
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  • Fall '16
  • Maestro
  • Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution

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