Animals Mid Term Good Copy - SOCY 4017 Midterm Guide How...

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SOCY 4017 Midterm Guide How should I study for this exam? The best way to study is to spend some time with your notes and the text. The PowerPoint slides may also be helpful to you, and they are available on the course website. Review the readings with an eye to what was covered in class but also what was in the reading but omitted in the lecture. The lecture cannot cover every detail, so sometimes you will have to examine the reading to see what was left up to you to understand. For example, in Chapter 10, “Speaking for Dogs,” we discussed the general process of speaking for and used a few examples, but we did not cover all the modes examined in the chapter. You should be able to identify these modes when you see examples of them. For another example, in Chapter 15, “Animal Planet,” Ritvo discusses hunting, domestication, and zoonotic disease as ways that animals figure into history. The lecture mentioned these but focused only on zoonoses. You will need to go back to the text and make sure you understand the impact of hunting and domestication. Once you have reviewed in this way, the next step is to sit down with a classmate and compare notes. Talking about the material with someone else helps you clarify it for yourself. Then, if you still find something unclear, arrange to see Liz or Dr. Irvine. How long will the exam be? What format will it take? The exam will have approximately 50 questions and the grade will be based on 100 points. You will have the entire class time to finish. If you have provided disability documentation about needing extra time for tests and you find that you cannot finish during the 75 minutes, you will be able to finish after class or at another time. The majority of the questions will be multiple choice or True/False, much like the clicker questions used in class. Additional questions will have you fill in the blank using terms provided in a word bank. 1
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Animals as Philosophical and Ethical Subjects What does it mean to talk about animals “as philosophical and ethical subjects?” How should we think about other animals? What is an animal? How do humans and animals differ? How do the various authors in this section characterize animals? Aristotle: Does not think animals have reason Humans have dominion over lower animals on the chain of being Minimal ethical obligations to animals Jeremy Bentham: Abuse based on species is unjust Animals are capable of suffering and therefore deserve “equal consideration” o On the basis of suffering, animals are the same as us 2
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Advocated the utilitarian approach of the “greatest happiness principle” Marjorie Spiegel: Links the enslavement of animals with human slavery Compares specism with racism Peter Singer: Adopts Bentham’s utilitarian approach Argues that we should treat other animals as well as we would treat other humans as hey feel
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