08 - Indian Wars, 1867-1886 All wars linked to US effort to...

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Indian Wars, 1867-1886 All wars linked to US effort to continue tribes to reservations War against bison US Army – Philip Sheridan – Total war Continued infiltration of US citizens Sioux Wars, 1874-77 – Little Big Horn 1876 US Policy of “Serverlty,” 1887 Dawes Severalty Act 1887 Divide tribal lands among individuals Educate children to be “Americans” Conclusions: Withering of Indian substance cultures Triumph of capitalist marketplace Springboard for US overseas empire Anglo-conformity model for “Americanization” Applied to Indians by force Triumph of white supremacy Idea that America is “a white man’s country” Expansion of federal gov’t role in American life Dawes Severalty Act 1887 Goal- Supercede tribal authority and “Assimilate” individual Native Americans Provisions: Subdivide Indian lands into small holdings Distribute 160-acre parcels “Kill the Indian, Save the man” – Motto of Richard Pratt, founder of the Carliste School for Indian children, (est 1879), reflected the reformers’ goal: “assimilation”
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2008 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Weise during the Spring '08 term at San Diego State.

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08 - Indian Wars, 1867-1886 All wars linked to US effort to...

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