Exam 1 Study Notes

Exam 1 Study Notes - Anthropology Exam 1 30/09/2007...

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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology Exam 1 30/09/2007 16:15:00 ← Test: Thursday, October 4 th ← ← Readings ← ← Angeloni: I will probably take a question from each article in the reader. The question will generally regard the theme, or a salient point of the article. ← ← Futuyama “The Growth of Evolutionary Science” • Discusses the evolution of the thought of evolution • Begins with the trouble that Galileo got in for suggesting a heliocentric view of the earth in the 15 th century • Goes on to explain Darwin’s voyage and what the Origin of Species meant to natural science • “Within a decade or two of The origin of Thought”, the belief that living organisms had evolved over the ages was firmly entrenched in biology ← ← Mayr “Darwin’s Influence on Modern Thought” • Great minds shape the thinking of successive historical periods • Luther and Calvin inspired the Reformation • Locke, Leibniz, Voltaire and Rousseau inspired the Enlightenment • Modern thought is most dependant on the influence of Charles Darwin ← ← Weiner “Evolution in Action” • Finches, monkeyflowers, sockeye salmon, and bacteria are changing before our eyes • Charles Darwin’s wife was terrified that when they died she would go to heaven and he would not • Half of the United States accepts Darwin’s theory, half do not ← ← Dawkins “The Illusion of Design” • The world is divided into things that look as though somebody designed them, and things that just happened through nature • Darwin moved in a new direction: o Things that “just happen”, can mimic deliberate design. • The illusion of design is so successful that to this day many Americans refuse to believe it • Conclusion: Evolution is a fact ← ← Blumberg “Designer Thinking” • Are animals rational beings? • Reason vs. instinct in humans and in animals • All behaviour is related to genetics ← ← Jane Goodall “The Mind of the Chimpanzee” • Begins by outlining the difficulties that she had when she was starting out her work in Gombe o At that time it was not acceptable for scientists to speak of animal’s feelings or thought process, even though, that was clearly what Jane was witnessing in Gombe • Discusses Project Washoe o The chimps ability to learn ASL o And, Washoe teaching Loulis how to sign • Also discusses chimps ability to remember things that happened way in the past o In the case of Washoe, she recognized Beatrice Gardner 11 years after not seeing her ← ← Stanford “Got Culture?” • Discusses how different chimps have different cultures o Ex: In Gombe the chimps use sticks to get termites out of holes, but in...
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2008 for the course ANTH 2010 taught by Professor Dr.loudon during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Exam 1 Study Notes - Anthropology Exam 1 30/09/2007...

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