Philosophy 101 Study Sheet

Philosophy 101 Study Sheet - Philosophy 101 Study Sheet 1...

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Philosophy 101 Study Sheet 1.) Sociological View- Acion X if right iff most people approve of it. “Most people” – Where? How much is most? Egoistic View- Action X is right iff X is in the agents own best interests. Emily Grimke – Early Abolitionist- Getting slave owners to realize that owning slaves is not in their best interest. Cultural Relativism- the principle that one's beliefs and activities should be interpreted in terms of one's own culture . Cultural Relativism is a philosophy that believes that when it comes to matters of right and wrong, and other values of a moral nature, that there are no absolutes, or any fixed truth, but rather that all is relative.   Good is simply what is socially approved of in that culture by the majority over time and is therefore a matter of social convention. What constitutes something being considered bad, or even evil, is therefore also culturally relative. Therefore no belief or action is inherently good or bad, rather it is either acceptable or taboo within that given culture, and thus we should all therefore learn to be “tolerant”, suspending personal judgment, because the real issue isn’t goodness or badness per se, but simply a matter of difference. Economic Man- Human beings are consumers and will organize their life to consume as
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '07 term at San Diego State.

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Philosophy 101 Study Sheet - Philosophy 101 Study Sheet 1...

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