Anth Final Exam Notes - ANTH 2010 Final Exam The final is...

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ANTH 2010 Final Exam The final is mandatory, despite the fact that I will drop the lowest test score. Below is the new grading scale based on a total of 160 points. ________________________________________________________________ Readings There will probably be a question from each article. Many of these articles bolster the topics I lectured in class. 26. “Scavenger Hunt” Pat Shipman 27. “The Scavenging of ‘Peking Man’” Noel T. Boaz 28. “ Erectus Rising” James Shreeve 29. “Hard Times Among the Neanderthals” Erik Trinkaus 30. “Rethinking Neanderthals” Joe Alper 31. “A Caveful of Clues About Early Humans” Fredric Heeren 32. “The Gift of Gab” Mat Cartmill 33. “We Are All Africans” Pat Shipman 34. “The Littlest Human” Kate Wong
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Species Pan Troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
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Sexually dimorphic Robust build (40-60 kg) Quadrupal knucklewalking and sometimes bipedalism Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Oldest hominin Found in Chad Sahel: region of Chad where the specimen was found Discovered in 2001 2002: Published by Michel Brunet 6-7 mya Thick enamel Characteristics: Cranial Capacity: 340-360 cc Flat face (orthognatic) Forward position of foramen magnum
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P 3 without a honing surface Cheek teeth with thick enamel U-Shaped dental arcade o Gorilla feature Orrorin Tugenensis Found in the Tugen Hills (Kenya) 2001 5.8-6.1 mya Dated by volcanic tufts Discovered by Senut and Pickford Claim that it is a direct human ancestor Probably a biped Senut and Pickford claim that it is a direct ancestor based on: 1. Teeth with thick enamel 2. Angle of the femoral necks 3. The size and shape of the femoral heads
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This assumption is based off of only 13 fossil fragments. Ardipithecus ramidus and Ardipithecus ramidus kadabba Ardipithecus: Gound ape Ramidus: Root 1994: Tim White and Yohannes Haile – Selassie Where: Ethiopia Age: 4.4- 6.0 mya Looks more like a chimp than it does a human Originally housed in the Australopithecus genus Pollen analysis suggests that this genus lived in a tropical environment leading some to believe that these animals do not belong in our lineage Ardipithecus dentition resembles chimpanzees Forward facing placement of foramen magnum and halux morphology suggests that these species were bipedal Pollen evidence is problematic for many hypothesis attempting to explain the origin/ evolution of bipedalism Australopithecus Anamensis Australopithecus Afarensis Australopithecus Africanus
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Australopithecus Garhi Paranthropus Aethiopicus Paranthropus Robustus Paranthropus Boisei Homo Habilis “Handy Man” 2.0- 1.6 mya Cranial Capacity: 601 cc. (503- 661 cc.) Encephalization Quotient: 1.9 Stone tool user: Olduwan Technology Foot and hand: Climber (Was probably sleeping in trees to get away from predators.)
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