Lecture 3- Nations and Society

Lecture 3- Nations and Society - Nations and Society...

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05/13/09 1 Nations and Society Ricardo Rene Laremont
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05/13/09 2 Ethnicity and National Identity What is the difference between an ethnic group and a nation? Why do ethnic conflicts occur? Key Topics Ethnicity Nationality Citizenship Ideologies
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05/13/09 3 Ethnic Identity Ethnicity A specific set of attributes and societal institutions that make one group of people different culturally from others Markers: language, religion, customs, history, geography
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05/13/09 4 Questions “As these attributes become institutionalized, they can create a particular identity that is passed down from generation to generation.” “People do not choose their ethnicities; they are born into them, and their ethnic identities remain largely fixed throughout life.” Is ethnicity fixed or fluid?
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05/13/09 11 Questions Bosnia People look alike; intermarry Croats, Serbs, Muslims live there Roman Catholic; Eastern Orthodox; Muslim divide? Rwanda Hutu- agriculturalists Tutsi- herders When and how does ethnicity become politicized?
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05/13/09 12 National Identity More of a political concept What is national identity? What is nationalism?
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05/13/09 13 When and how does ethnicity lead to ethnonationalism? Canada/Quebec- 1980, 1995 referenda Spain- Basque province; Cataluna France’s national project England’s national project Germany’s national project
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