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Lecture 6- Democracy

Lecture 6- Democracy - Democracy Ricardo Rene Laremont 1...

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05/12/09 1 Democracy Ricardo Rene Laremont
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05/12/09 2 What is Democracy? Demos- the common people Kratia- power What is liberal democracy? What is social democracy? What is communist democracy?
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05/12/09 3 Origins of Liberal Democracy Athenian democracy Smallness of size- city-state Based upon slave economy Because small, based upon direct democracy rather than representative rule or “indirect democracy” Republicanism Election of representatives- “indirect democracy” Separation of Powers
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05/12/09 4 The English Model 1215 C.E.- Magna Carta Sets out rights of Englishmen Due Process of Law Aimed at constraining power of King John Democracy in England emerged over centuries Why England? Isolation- not a need for a big army- therefore, taxation rates lower than France- development of empowered middle classes/financial classes early Expansion of voting rights (1832-84)
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05/12/09 5 How is democracy institutionalized? Rule of law Rules/Procedures (Weber)
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05/12/09 6 Voting and Elections Voting essential to liberal democracy Two types of electoral systems First past the post- FPTP- single-member plurality Proportional Representation
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