PSC2302.13_6.Ch4The Origins and Practice of Judicial Rev

PSC2302.13_6.Ch4The Origins and Practice of Judicial Rev -...

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C C H 3: T 3: T HE HE  N  N ATURE ATURE     AND AND  S  S COPE COPE     OF OF  J  J UDICIAL UDICIAL  P  P OWER OWER 14:33 A. A B RIEF  H ISTORY   OF   THE  F EDERAL  J UDICIARY 1. Early Concerns About Judicial Power: Article III,  Federalist No. 78,  And the Judiciary Acts  of 1789 a. Article III B. 1 st . Judicial Power in One Supreme Ct and in inferior courts est by congress C. 2 nd types of cases under jurisdictional authorization of fed cts a. Federalist No. 78 : Hamilton system of fed courts contribute to nat power, and clear ref. to power b. Judiciary Act of 1789: (Oliver Ellsworth) o Questions: Create sep. federal cts? ; how select judicial personnel? ; How much jurisdiction? ; relationship btwn existing state cts and fed cts? o Act est 3 layers of Fed Ct System: 13 district ct 3 circuit cts Single Supreme ct o Section 13: Power to issue mandamus ; declared unconstitutional in Marbury v. Madison (1803) o Section 25: Supreme ct appellate jurisdicion over state cts (ref: Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee in 1824) D. E. T HE  C ONSTITUTION , T HE  C ONGRESS AND  F EDERAL  C T .  J URISDICTION F. Article III. Sec. 2 : Jurisdiction of Fed cts act under 2 categories G. 1. subject matter H. 2. parties involved I. Original Jurisdiction- authority to be 1 st court to hear and decide a case J. Appelate Jurisdiction- pow of fed courts to review and correct (multi-judge panels and no jury) K. Primary appellate courts are: U.S. Court of Appeals and U.S. Supreme ct
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course PSC 2302 taught by Professor Dr.riley during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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PSC2302.13_6.Ch4The Origins and Practice of Judicial Rev -...

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