MIT 202 - Intro TA: Michael Daubs Office Hours: Mon 2-3 NCB...

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Intro 10/01/2008 19:01:00 TA: Michael Daubs  Office Hours: Mon 2-3 NCB 446B Aboriginals: Keep track of time in 2 ways o Ecological = months/seasons o Structural = based upon generations, things that happen over a bunch  of seasons. Europeans brought a more linear and consistent idea of space and time The break time down into specific units Time biased media = allows a group to contol a large amount of space Space biased media = maintain power over a long period of time o Problem:  It’s one way
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Orgins of Writing: Sumeria 10/01/2008 19:01:00 1. 3200 BCE Mesopotamia The emergence of writing as we have come to know it 2. First written symbols 3. Pictographic 4. Accountancy: growing economy outstripping memory About recording something as business activity Sumerian Rebus principle Pictographic symbol used for phonetic value Bee + Leaf = Belief Can communicate concepts beyond what it actually is Sumerican/Cuneiform/Clay Abstract Concepts o Rel./legal/medical texts o Objects AND ideas Cuneiform Pictography to formal patterns Ideographic and syllabic symbols Non-alphabetic This provided a huge advance
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Useful as a form of contract because after it is baked it cannot be changed.  Downside: Clay is heavy so it is illsuited for travel and admisistration over  large areas.  Clay – time biased sense of medium Spread of Writing Different styles developed independently Writing: Alphabetic Phoenicians o First alphabet o 1500 BCE o 22 Letters no vowels o You can sound out the letters o The sound itself that matters, not what it looks like Greek Alphabet Adapt Phoenician alphabet (vowels) o 100-200 BCE Easier to read/write Concrete meanings Transcribe oral record Greater ranger of syllabuls The more syllabuls you have the more words you can have
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Ancient Greece (500-100 BCE) Craft to Democratic Literacy Devalue memorization New statements/novel ideas Eric Havelock: o “Pre-phillosophical, pre-literary, pre-scientific” Writing (Ancient Greece) Objectify texts o You can come back to it later and look at it from another view Disembodiment o You separate knowledge from the body that is producing the  knowledge  Abstraction o Deductive logic, rational philosophy, abstract science Writing/Limitations Scarcity/expense writing material o Stone, clay, paprus, parchment Handwriting o “calligraphy as enemy of literacy”.  o Very difficult to read – it’s not standardized Scribal Culture
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Dark/Middle Ages
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MIT 202 - Intro TA: Michael Daubs Office Hours: Mon 2-3 NCB...

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