MIT 204 Notes

MIT 204 Notes - Intro 16:24:00 ← Semiotics and Structuralism 16:24:00 ← Lecture Notes ← ← To be human is to be immersed in language

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Intro 15/10/2007 16:24:00 ← Semiotics and Structuralism 15/10/2007 16:24:00 ← Lecture Notes ← ← To be human is to be immersed in language ←-Human=language user and bombarded with linguistic utterances ←-hard to analyze when immersed in it ←-common sense: the default way of thinking ← ← Saussure and language ←-“sign”: basic unit of language • = signifier + signified: signifier is any form that is linked to an idea (signifies), words, pictures, symbols, etc; signified is idea or concept evoked by the form • sign is arbitrary: no natural or inevitable link between signifier and signified o signifier is arbitrary (the signifier associated with a particular signified can change) o signified is arbitrary (concept associated with a signifier can change) ie. ‘geek’ (began as a foolish person, then becomes unsociable OCD devotee, then someone with mad computer skills); no necessary core meaning that keeps it attached to its signifier therefore meaning can change dramatically, even to opposite • signs are distinct from their material manifestations: actual sounds or graphical marks we use are not themselves part of the language o we might pronounce an English word differently, but as long as other English speakers understand us, those differences in sound do not matter; pronunciation variation does not matter o similarly, we might write the same word differently (handwriting, typing, all capitals, etc.), but the appearance difference do not matter eg. train schedules: regardless of personnel changes, car changes, etc. the train is still the ‘same’ every day because it occupies the same timeslot in the structure of the schedule ←-differential system of meaning • “in language, there are only differences without positive terms,” • meaning derives from fact that it is not any other sign in the system; meaning only by virtue of not being any other sign o eg. Deck of cards as a differential system: jack of hearts has no meaning/significance, but is only a place in the system; playing cards is assembling units of such placeholders • doesn’t care about actual physical object; only position of the forms and concepts within the system; OR language • “language has neither ideas no sounds that existed before the linguistic system, but only conceptual and phonic differences that have issued from the system” ←-meaning of language generated by the system, not by the users of the system • enormous implications o calls into question idea that society is the sum of individuals’ wishes, perceptions and thoughts; comes from a system, not from us...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course MIT MIT 204 taught by Professor S.torres during the Fall '07 term at UWO.

Page1 / 42

MIT 204 Notes - Intro 16:24:00 ← Semiotics and Structuralism 16:24:00 ← Lecture Notes ← ← To be human is to be immersed in language

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online