Developmental and Disruptive Behavior Disorders -...

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Developmental and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Developmental disorders – delay in normal maturity, especially with respect to intellect, cognition, learning, and methods of self-care. o Intellectual disability, autism, and learning disorders Disruptive behaviors - Externalizing or obvious behavior problems that include overactivity, impulsivity, inattention, aggression, noncompliance, and other disturbances o Attention-deficit, hyperactvitiy disorder and oppositional defiant and conduct disorders. Two may be comorbid. Normal Development and Developmental Disorders: What are they? Stuck in a particular area of development. Limited developmental disorders – one area but not many areas of functioning are affected. o Slow in reading or in grammar Many areas include intellect and cognition, language, social interactions, and even physical growth. Pervasive developmental disorder – delays evident in many areas and interfered with his ability to communicate with, or function independently. Developmental Disorders: Features and Epidemiology Intellectual Disability o Intellectual disability ( mental retardation) – trouble understanding basic aspects of life. o Consist three main features that must occur together: Poor cognitive development – scored less than 70 on intel test. Adaptive functioning – ability to complete everyday tasks that allow one to be independent. Language Social interaction Academic Self-care Home living Community Self-direction Leisure Health
Safety Work Disorder developed during the developmental period, usually before 18 o Disgnosis given only after a thorough assessment of cognitive and adaptive functioning. o Typed into mild, moderate, severe o Intermittent or mild - support when needed o Limited or moderate – consistent support o Extensive or severe –regular, daily support o Pervasive or profound – constant intense support. Autism Spectrum Disorder o Autism spectrum disorder (autism, autistic disorder, or infantile autism) – intellectual disability, but with distinctyly different. o Three main symptoms o Social interaction – prefer to be alone, avoid eye contact, few facial expression and bodily gestures. o Communication impairment – severe language deficit. Echolalia – repeating what one has just heard. Immediate / delayed echolia Pronoun reversal – switching I for you Incoherent setences – jumbling words o Bizarre behavior patterns – do not engage in pretend play, fail to imitate others. Self-stimulatory behavior – inappporiate excessive rocking, hand flapping, or walking on their toes o Self-injurious behavior – biting or hitting oneself or banging head against a wall o Aggressive toward themselves or others.

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