Exam #2 Study Notes - Anthropology 2200 Fall 2007 Review...

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Anthropology 2200 Fall 2007 Review Sheet: Exam 2 01/11/2007 13:55:00   Remember that the exam covers both the book and the lectures and that there is information  that is unique to both of these.  Although the exam emphasizes the lectures, you need to know  the book as well.  I have highlighted specific sites, etc., on this sheet that are in the book but will  not be in your notes. General Issues to Understand : Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Europe     Middle Neolithic = Diet and labour changes with agriculture  Late Neolithic = This is when pottery begins to show up o At the beginning they look like Natufian sites, but that changes to larger  communities and cultivation o Domesticated animals begin to show up  Interpretations of Upper Paleolithic cave and portable art     Anatomically modern humans living in the full glacial environment in Europe Ice Age cave art o Its setting in dangerous, inaccessible art suggests that it is not meant to be  seen by everybody o His interpretation was that cave art was made by Shammans during episodes  of altered states o Some of the geographic representation on the cave wall was parallels to what  people have claimed to see in these altered states  o Game animals are often depicted  o There is variability in the meaning of cave art
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o Neo site: The cave art is all concentrated in one part of the cave Its context has implications for its interpretation  o In terms of its content, what it represents, and its context, where it is, is  something that archaeologists use in interpreting all sites  o In talking about he Upper Paleolithic he focused on cave art Issues/problems in peopling Australia and New World     Australia o There was a connection between Australia and New Guinea when the sea  levels were lower Coastal settlements in Australia  Two different ideas about how people got to South America o How the Berring land bridge fits into this o How the Ice Free corridor fits into this o Interior Route How Clovis complex artifacts came down into the interior of North  America Technological similarities between Clovis and the non complex  technology o Coastal route Kennewick man Caucasoid  Comparable to a variety of people in Asia Evidence that these people came to America before people  who looked like Native Americans 
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Monte Verde Arlington burial  California Other sites that weren’t on the coast, but were in coastal regions o There were also retractors to these theories
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