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Unformatted text preview: Anderson Government Midterm Study Guide 1. Jacksonian Democracy and Lincoln’s Critique • Jacksonian Democracy • Jackson entered office following the “Corrupt Bargain” election of 1824 between Adams and Clay. Really only one party, the Democrats, but the governmental offices are obtained through a patronage system. Sectionalism is growing and presidential nominees reflect this sectionalism. • Democracy: simple virtue, practical wisdom of the common man. Elitism in politics is no longer adequate (removed from the common man). Faith in the goodness of people that meant wide-spread, direct participation. The national government should only govern over issues that regard a national common good. Other than that, the states have sovereignty. Small republic is what is ideal, like Jefferson, although because the president is the tribune of the people, his office should be strong as well. • Liberty: government has every right to regulate individual activity in the name of the national common good – issues such as slavery are not part of the national common good, but a personal prerogative left to the states. Social repression of freedom of thought (Tocqueville observed). Liberty is only extended to white males. • Equality: eliminate property qualifications. Social equality reflected political equality. Every white male who chose so could become self- employed owner of a means of production: frontier land cheap = equality of opportunity. Only for white males. • Stephen Douglas’s ideas in the debates • Democracy: Some say that a house divided cannot stand, but the founders and former leaders of this country have dealt with this divided house. They left each state perfectly free to do as it pleased on the subject of slavery. Each state should retain its sovereignty and power to do as it pleases within its limits if the subject is not national. One of the reserved rights of the states is the right to regulate the relationship between servant and master. Popular state sovereignty • Equality: I do not regard the negro as my equal. The negro has always and in all times been the inferior to any race he has met. • Liberty: The negro shall not be a slave, but he shall not be a citizen. Protect him in his civil rights, in his life, his person and his property, only denying him of all political rights whatsoever, and refusing him equality with the white men. • Abraham Lincoln’s critique of the above • Liberty – “all men are created equal” so that no understanding of liberty could include slavery. The negro is entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the D of I, the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Right to self-improvement and reaping fruits of own labor....
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course GOV 210 taught by Professor Stroup during the Spring '07 term at Centre College.
- Spring '07