Japan Reading Outline

Japan Reading Outline - INVENTING JAPAN Prologue The 1964...

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INVENTING JAPAN Prologue The 1964 Olympics in Tokyo -commemorates Japan’s peaceful democratic revival and reentrance into the world. -serves to mark the end of all of the poverty and humiliation that Japan endured after walking out of the League of Nations in 1933 and joining the Axis powers in 1940, hoping to divide the world. -Japanese friendly manners and efficient organization helped them impress the rest of the world. -Japanese won plenty of metals and took their sporting records seriously. -The Japanese were always conscious of their ranking among other nations and used their sporting victories as means of soothing memories of wartime defeat. -Japanese likely to win metals in their native sport, judo, which requires patience, quickness of mind, and great discipline -The size of the man does not matter in the sport -The Dutch player, Geesink, ended up winning against the Japanese player Kaminaga, however, -But Geesink made a formal bow as a traditional gesture of respect and was treated in Japan as a hero forever after -Although overconfidence, fanaticism, a shrill sense of inferiority, and a sometimes obsessive preoccupation with national status are qualities that have been associated with Japan, the grace to make the best of defeat has stood out to serve Japan more than any other. Four Black Ships -Commodore Mathew Perry sailed into Edo Bay with four heavily armed ships on July 8th 1953 on mission to open up Japanese ports to American ships -Japan had been isolated from most other countries for about 200 years -Japanese rulers were fearful of foreign aggression and worried that Christianity would make their subjects unruly -Perry insisted on only speaking to the highest of representatives of the Japanese government -He couldn’t really make a true distinction between the emperor and the shogun -He was unaware that the emperor’s duties were more ceremonial and spiritual and insisted on giving the letter from U.S. President Fillmore, which demanded to put up trade at Japanese ports be taken directly to the emperor -From 1603, the Shoguns all belonged to the Tokugawa Clan which is why the name of the government is Tokugawa bakufu (shogunate) aka Edo bakufu -ideology of Tokugawa bakufu was neo-Confucianism devised in 12 th century which stressed importance of natural order and, in Japanese interpretation, absolute obedience to authority -communications with the Japanese were laborious -only Dutch merchants allowed to stay because they were more interested in making money than spreading faith -Japanese insisted that the only place to conduct business with foreigners was Nagasaki -Perry wouldn’t budge, however
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-Perry was finally allowed to go ashore after the Japanese conducted various stalling tactics -In light of the relatively unprepared state of the Japanese army in relation to Perry’s prepared ships, the shogun’s government gave in to a compromise -First step toward establishing trade relations with Japanese occurred when American ships were allowed to enter two designated ports and load up on coal and other supplies
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course EASC 150g taught by Professor Rosen during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Japan Reading Outline - INVENTING JAPAN Prologue The 1964...

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