Exam #1 Study Notes

Exam #1 Study Notes - Exam 1 ← General Issues to...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam # 1 ← General Issues to Understand ← ← The scope of archaeology and its place in general anthropology ← ← Key intellectual shifts in history of field ← ← Basic survey and excavation strategies, strengths and weaknesses ← ← Importance of chronology ← ← Key changes in evolutionary sequence from Australopithecus to Neanderthals ← ← Problems with past interpretations of hominid sites and lifeways, changes in interpretations over time ← ← Specifics (terms, places, techniques, species, periods, etc.) Definition of archaeology ← Archaeology: The study of humanity through the analysis of the material remains of human behaviour: the study of the things that people made and use in the past and that have fortuitously preserved. Archaeologists often focus on human cultural evolution. Subfields of anthropology Cultural Anthropology • Ethnography: o When a cultural anthropologist lives among a group of people or a cultural group and interacts with them daily, often for an extended period of time, observing their behavious • Participant/ Observer ← ← Biological Anthropology • Primatology: o The study of primates • Modern Human Biology • Paleoanthropology o Anthropological study of the evolution of our species. Paleoanthropoligists study the skeletal remains and cultures of ancient hominids o Osteology: Related to bones • Paleopathology o The study of ancient disease ← ← Linguistic Anthropology • The study of language Anthropological Archaeology • The study of variation in material culture in time and space James Usser : 1581- 1656 • Short chronology of the Earth • Anglican Archbishop • Develops the chronology of the Earth based upon Biblical texts in 1650 • Said that the Earth had been created in 4004 BC. o Therefor, he thought that the Earth was only about 6000 years old • He believed that Creation occurred October 23 at 9:00 am o Funny enough, this was the beginning of Cambridge University’s fall term (which he attended) • This date is still used by some fundamental Christians Moundbuilders controversy • Where did these mounds come from? o The mounds were attributed to every group except for the Native Americans o Skeletons of the mound builders, as well as artifacts were found in the mounds o People insisted that the mound builders were wiped out by the “savage Indians” o Squire and Davis: Surveyed the land of the mounds “Mound City” They also thought that the mounds were too sophisticated for Native Americans Agreed that they were created by superior people on their way to Mexico o Evidence that the Indians used and created mounds had been in place...
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2008 for the course ANTH 2200 taught by Professor Dr.bamforth during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Exam #1 Study Notes - Exam 1 ← General Issues to...

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