GMUS 203: Music in America
EXAM 2 Study Guide
MILITARY BANDS, TIN PAN ALLEY,
Revolutionary war bands
Fife and Drum- unit of the army that
Function of military bands
Civil War- most influential event in history,
inspired popular military music.
Regimental and company bands- wide range
century bands- bands are everywhere,
musicians go into battle, they stay in the back
where it’s safer.
Repertoire- played a wide range of music.
Patrick Gilmore- Irish composer, union army
bandmaster, celebrated concert organizer.
National Peace Jubilee- meant to heal the
north and south, founded the Gilmore Band.
John Philip Sousa- Most famous band leader,
composer and arranger, violinist, joined Marine
Band and lead it.
U.S. Marine Band- for 12 years he lead
Sousa Band- America’s 1
toured constantly, finest musicians, 45-70
members, played anything, shaped American
The Washington Post
- most popular patriotic
march, mechanical recording, carousel music
The Stars and Stripes Forever
famous march, used break strains
March form: Series of themes called strains, Trio
is the third or fourth strain, usually most
Early recording industry
Edison phonograph, Gramophone- early
playback of recordings machine
Nickelodeons- juke box with one wax
cylinder, put a nickel in to play a song
Shellac discs- early type of recording disc
college marching bands- jmu marching royal
wind ensemble- less professional
African American Band traditions- brass, drums,
cymbals, lot of trombone, improv, happy
Francis Johnson- All black band that could
play popular music and rag on them.
Military bands- civil war colored regimental
New Orleans brass bands- developed jazz
Sacred instrumental music
Theater booking syndicates
TOBA- booking syndicate, series of
theaters with black artists. Tough On Black
Asses is what they called it.
Vaudeville format- successor of minstrelsy,
expansion of theater, moving towards broadway.
Tin Pan Alley- NYC music publishers
Origins of name- derogatory reference to the
sound of the piano.
Publishing houses- companies in NY
concentrating on popular music
Focus on popular music
Roster of songwriters- write specific
tunes for recording
Song pluggers- vocalists or pianists who
would go to a store and play tunes so people
could hear it.
Charles K. Harris – “After the Ball”- piano+
woman vocal, cheesy waltz, sentimental, self
published, 5mil copies sold.
Music marketing- sheet music and vaudeville
work hand in hand, marketing and performance
Ragtime- American genre pre-dating jazz
“Ragged time,” to rag- adding variation and
ornamentation to a tune.
Scott Joplin- composer, pianist, sold a million