EXAM 2 Study Guide

EXAM 2 Study Guide - GMUS 203: Music in America Spring 2008...

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GMUS 203: Music in America Spring 2008 EXAM 2 Study Guide MILITARY BANDS, TIN PAN ALLEY, VAUDEVILLE Revolutionary war bands Fife and Drum- unit of the army that performs Function of military bands Civil War- most influential event in history, inspired popular military music. Regimental and company bands- wide range of ages. 19 th century bands- bands are everywhere, musicians go into battle, they stay in the back where it’s safer. Repertoire- played a wide range of music. Patrick Gilmore- Irish composer, union army bandmaster, celebrated concert organizer. National Peace Jubilee- meant to heal the north and south, founded the Gilmore Band. John Philip Sousa- Most famous band leader, composer and arranger, violinist, joined Marine Band and lead it. U.S. Marine Band- for 12 years he lead The Gladiator - AABBCCDCDC form, popular march Sousa Band- America’s 1 st super group, toured constantly, finest musicians, 45-70 members, played anything, shaped American taste. The Washington Post - most popular patriotic march, mechanical recording, carousel music The Stars and Stripes Forever - another famous march, used break strains March form: Series of themes called strains, Trio is the third or fourth strain, usually most memorable. Early recording industry Edison phonograph, Gramophone- early playback of recordings machine Nickelodeons- juke box with one wax cylinder, put a nickel in to play a song Shellac discs- early type of recording disc 20 th century bands college marching bands- jmu marching royal dukes wind ensemble- less professional African American Band traditions- brass, drums, cymbals, lot of trombone, improv, happy Francis Johnson- All black band that could play popular music and rag on them. Military bands- civil war colored regimental bands New Orleans brass bands- developed jazz Sacred instrumental music Vaudeville Theater booking syndicates TOBA- booking syndicate, series of theaters with black artists. Tough On Black Asses is what they called it. Vaudeville format- successor of minstrelsy, expansion of theater, moving towards broadway. Tin Pan Alley- NYC music publishers Origins of name- derogatory reference to the sound of the piano. Publishing houses- companies in NY concentrating on popular music Focus on popular music Roster of songwriters- write specific tunes for recording Song pluggers- vocalists or pianists who would go to a store and play tunes so people could hear it. Charles K. Harris – “After the Ball”- piano+ woman vocal, cheesy waltz, sentimental, self published, 5mil copies sold. Music marketing- sheet music and vaudeville work hand in hand, marketing and performance together. TH CENTURY POPULAR MUSIC Ragtime- American genre pre-dating jazz “Ragged time,” to rag- adding variation and ornamentation to a tune. Scott Joplin- composer, pianist, sold a million
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EXAM 2 Study Guide - GMUS 203: Music in America Spring 2008...

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