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Phil 141 final exam q and a

Phil 141 final exam q and a - 1 Explain how well-being in...

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1. Explain how well-being in society depends upon the division of labor (see Plato selection in Reader #1, and Haber pp. 47-48) and how the profession goes beyond mere division of labor in making a desirable life possible for individuals in society. Illustrate by discussing two of the occupational groups now commonly recognized as professions. A profession is an occupation, among other things. It is part of the division of labor and according to Plato, the origin of the state lies in that "natural" inequality of humanity that is embodied in the division of labor. By this, he means that all people are not meant to provide equal services, and thus the division of labor is needed. His famous quote, “Well then, how will our state supply these needs? It will need a farmer, a builder, and a weaver, and also, I think, a shoemaker and one or two others to provide for our bodily needs…” describes his idea of the division of labor. How society is essentially ORGAN -ized, and how any Desirable Human Existence Depends upon the organization of Society into ‘specializations' or ‘divisions of labor'. Professions are a part of the division of labor because they do fulfill a certain need of society. Professions go beyond the mere division of labor, mainly because of the aspect or sense of vocation. This degree of personal devotion within a professional actually makes life desirable for individuals in society because of the essential services he provides for the public good. This consisted, traditionally, of health care and legal services, and the professions had the utmost goal or fulfilling a common good, while also exhibiting a vocation for doing so. Devotion is the most significant feature of a professional which distinguishes him from being just another part of the division of labor. He must have an immense amount of knowledge, acquired through much education or training; in order to even get to the point of having this knowledge, a huge portion of life must be devoted to even getting there. Unlike other occupations which make up the division of labor, the professional devotes a huge amount of his life living out the profession. For example, a salesman might work throughout the regular work week and then go home on the weekend and go camping for a few days, take in some local entertainment or even do absolutely nothing. This is perfectly fine, but it is another way in which the professions differ from the regular division of labor. They go beyond it because while the salesman is doing anything to get his mind off of work, the professional, perhaps a doctor, might spend his “free” time studying journals or attending seminars. His entire life is devoted to his profession and the betterment of society. Add info about doctors/lawyers (last part of question) 2. How do you understand “the common good,” and how might speaking of “common goods” (plural), as we have done in this course, set aside two of the criticisms that have been leveled against the idea of the common good?
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