IR 100 Terms

IR 100 Terms - Chapter 1 Issue areas concerns the...

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Chapter 1 Issue areas – concerns the relationships of the world government/all interconnected/issue areas are global trade, environment or specific conflicts. Conflict and cooperation – comparative politics/IR scholars look at IR as the mix of conflict and cooperation. International security – war and peace/treaties and alliances and development and deployment of military capabilities. International political economy – financial relations between countries UN – state must be recognized by the UN International system – set of relations among world’s states, structured according to certain rules and patterns of interactions. Nation states – where the people and the state share a common language or culture. GDP – total annual economic activity of a state. Non-state actors – substate actors; groups within the state/transnational actors; can operate across state borders. North –south gap – north rich and industrialized; south is poor Nationalism – devotion to the interest of ones nation. Industrialization – the use of energy to drive machinery and the accumulation of such machinery. Free trade – trade that is competitive all over the world. League of Nations – it is what Woodrow Wilson wanted to establish after WWI but Congress voted against joining. Munich agreement – in 1938 effort to appease German ambition and let Germans occupy parts of Czechoslovakia but encouraged Hitler’s conquest. Genocide – “ethnic cleansing” systematic extermination of racial or religious groups. Containment – halt expansion of Soviet influence at several levels militarily, ideologically, economically, and politically. Sino-Soviet Split – when China opposed Soviet moves toward peace with the US. Summit meeting – meeting between the superpowers; the first one was Geneva 1955. Cuban Missile Crisis – Proxy war – superpowers supply and advise factions in civil wars: US and Ethiopia, Soviet and Somalia. Commonwealth of independent states – in Russia the Republics became independent states. Chapter 2 National interest – interest of the state itself. cost-benefit analysis – rational actors should be able to calculate the costs of the action and the benefits and costs of an action. Game theory – branch of mathematics concerned with predicting bargaining outcomes. Zero sum games – one player’s game is equal to the other’s loss so there is no point of cooperation. Neo-realism – use game theory to analyze the patterns of international distribution of power. Multipolar system – typically 5 or 6 centers of power, which are not grouped into alliances and each state acts independently.
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Chapter 3 Neoliberalism - long term mutual gains is often more rational than maximizing individual individual short term gains. Tit for tat
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2008 for the course IR 100xg taught by Professor Siler during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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IR 100 Terms - Chapter 1 Issue areas concerns the...

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