Signals: Voltage vs. Current

Signals: Voltage vs. Current - V WB Bt X7$tsjRU"...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: V WB Bt X7$tsjRU" zBjs %RZR ]Zt V WB Bt X7$tsjRU" zBjs %RZR ]Zt d iez (3AZsk dd 1((n BttR d GYs $R $ Ys X4BbR" $t 8BR BP BZ {${Z$R2 ]Zt %RZR %Bjs 1 y:R ytPB8s$Bt tB _Bb Ys $tRR ZR $t Y$R {BZR d yR Y$R tB t{RRsk2 y YB} kBZ IBt: Pj $tRZjI Ak Y$R tBvAk $R RZR$Bt Ys kBZ s RB}Y$R${sI RZIt BP _YkR${R {BZjI {Zt stI %Bjs 8ZIIjI NR kBZ RYBZjI Pj RB $tRZjI j:R sIB} Y I%${ Ys b BPt htI ZRPZj $t Y$R {BZRU sRRZ8 Ys b: sj,$t tB B kBZ AZ B kBZ Rj$YjkT{BtPZRI jsA }st G: k$t B }B%$I kBZ b$Y RB8 sZ8tR Ys b$jj Yj} kBZ Rs$Yt BZ Ys $tjj$t AZ Rj$YjkTsIIjI PjjBb < $R s }${ BP %$It{ B RZ}}B BZ {js$8 Ys $tjj$t RZItR {st htI $ YsI B ,} y stI z $t Y$ }js{R qY$R $R s Isb$t PB8 s %k BBI stRb B s {t -s8 JZR$Bt qY stRb bsR BBIvAZ $t{jZIR s Rsj$t B Ys RYBbR Y RZIt Y$t,$t {Zt bY$j YstIj$t %Bjs 3$Z dU e-s8 Isb$tU {Zt stI %Bjs {BtPBZtII2 *B kBZ R s }js{ bY Y RZIt R8R B Ys% $t{YstI Y bB {Bt{}R2 wG IBt: Y$t, kBZ tI B ZtIRstI Y$R {${Z$ PZjjk B R Y }BAj8 kBZ IB tI B ZtIRstI Ys bB {${Z$R s $t{jZII B }B%$I s %Bjs s$t BP 1 b Ys% $tI${sI YBRD G Y$t, Y$R Isb$t RYBbR Ys st R8s RZIt b$Y JZ$ s BBI sR} BP j{Bt${R {st R$jj Y$R PZtIs8tsj }B$t bBt V WB Bt X7$tsjRU" zBjs %RZR ]Zt 1 qY %$It{ PB Y 8$RZtIRstI$t $R `ZR Y }Rt{ BP Y bB $8RTbB s8}j$hR b$Y Y Rj$YjkT{k}${ -}jstsBk tB s Y jP R$I Xdb1 BP ~d s,R }sY 1 s8}j$Pk" WB${ Ys X~d " s}}sR ss$t s Y BZ}Z BP Y Z}} 1 s8}j$h V}}stjk Y sZYB YBZY Ys ~d {B8$t PB8 Y d(, }Bt$B8 bBZjI A {Z $t YsjP A{sZR $ BR bB }js{RvYB$9Btsjjk B Y Z}}} }s BP Y {${Z$ stI %${sjjk B Y jBb }s BP Y {${Z$ qY$R %$b $R bBtU ABY IR$ts$BtR s %k Y$YT$8}Ist{ $t}ZR w$t}Z B $stj jsAjjI Xndd" stI $t}Z B jBb $stj:R XL" $t}ZD qY$R %Bjs {st B B 8stk Y$YT$8}Ist{ $t}ZR b$YBZ RZ&$t stZs$Bt qY YBZY Ys XbB R$8$js IR$ts$BtR $8}j$R $:R {Z $t YsjP" RBZtIR j$, s {B{ %$b BP YBb s {Zt bBZjI AYs% <:R s R,{Y BP bYs b ZRR Y RZIt $8s$tIU 3$Z 1U ]ZtR $t {BtsR B %BjsR IB R}j$ x(Tx( bYt $%t bB JZsj R$R$% }sYR Gjj }Ys}R Y$R -s8}j YsR {Bt%$t{I kBZ Ys Y JZR$Bt {st }Z99j s BBI RZIt }Ys}R b Ys% tB {Bt%$t{I kBZ e$Y bsk j:R {sk Bt b$Y Y sZ8t 1 GYs $R Ys X4BbR" $t 8BR BP BZ {${Z$R2 OBZ $tZ$$Bt 8sk A $t{j$tI B Rsk X{Zt 4BbR" RB Y R$tsjR Ys b }B{RR stI }sRR YBZY BZ {${Z$R }BAsAjk s {ZtR qYs sZ8t $R }jsZR$AjvAZ 8$RjsI$t s AR stI ZRZsjjk `ZR bBt y $R Z Ys {Zt 4BbR bYsR %Bjs 8}Ys${sjjk IBR tB 4Bb qYs:R st $8}Bst }B$tvstI 8stk RZItR tI B {B{ Y8Rj%R IZ$t Y hR b,R BP Y {BZR sR Yk htI Y8Rj%R P$t B %BjsR 4Bb$t YBZY s R$RB Z vstI Y $R Y RZAj }B$tvYBZY %BjsR IBt: 4Bb b BPt R}s, BP R$tsjR 4Bb$t YBZY s {${Z$ $tII sjj BZ {${Z$R R% B }B{RR R$tsjR vstI tsjk sjbskR Y R$tsjR Ys b }B{RR s %BjsR tB {ZtR <Bb {st b {Bt{$j YR bB ZYRU dD {ZtR tB %BjsR 4Bb AZ 1D Y R$tsjR Ys $tR ZR sR b IR$t stI stsjk9 {${Z$R tsjk sjbskR s %BjsR tB {ZtR2 G {st sR b YB} RB8 $jjZRs$BtR AjBb b$jj }RZsI kBZ VtI Y $R s }j$8$tsk JZR$Bt Ys b BZY B BZ BP Y bskU $R Y$R s Vt: %BjsR stI {Zt }B}B$Btsj Bt B Y BY $t stk {sR2 7B $Rt: $ Zt$8}Bst bY${Y b {YBBR B IR{$AvR$t{ Bt tIR Btjk B 8Zj$}jk Ak s {BtRst $t BI B {Bt% Bt $tB Y BY2 WB s AsI JZR$Bt B {Ysjjt AZ 4sbIU Y I} 4sb $R tB Ys RB8 I%${R s tB BY8${ wYBZY JZR$Bt b tI bBk sABZ2 V WB Bt X7$tsjRU" zBjs %RZR ]Zt n {s$tjk Y$R $R Z Y$R $R s 8$tB }B$tD Y I} 4sb $R Ys {${Z$ IR$t Rsk b$jj YsI B& $t B}}BR$ I${$BtR I}tI$t Z}Bt bYY Y R$tsjR Ys Bt $ttIR B }sRR s %BjsR B {ZtR 1d 7$tsj sR %Bjs N:R $jjZRs Ys }B$t 7Z}}BR Bt sRRZ8RvsR b ZRZsjjk IBvYs BZ R$tsj t{BIR $R $tPB8s$Bt sR s %Bjs tB sR s {Zt GYs PBjjBbR2 y PBjjBbR Ys B ,} Y$R R$tsj RBt stI YsjYk sR $ }sRRR PB8 Bt {${Z$ B stBYvs }sRRs Ys ts$jR }sRR$t s %Bjs I$%$Ivb bst p{]4 DD p5J x\ yIsjjk b bst p{]4 $tht$ 3$Z nU 7$tsj sR %BjsU }R%$t $ $8}j$R $8}Ist{ js$Bt V %R qY$R $R Y {sR Ys b tB8sjjk sRRZ8 y $R Y {sR $tBIZ{I $t Y 7ZIt stZsj s } stI Yt ZRI B Iht s IR$t XZj BP YZ8A" s } dn 11 7$tsj sR {Zt WB${ YBb I$&t BZ IR$t ZjR bBZjI A $P BZ R$tsjR b {ZtR U b bBZjI bst {${Z$ X " B $tP sR j$j sR }BRR$Aj b$Y Y BZ}Z BP XV"vstI Ys 8stR Ys b bBZjI bst X " B jBB, j$, s RYB {${Z$ B V yIsjjk b bst p{]4 9B 3$Z ;U 7$tsj sR {ZtU }R%$t $ $8}j$R s %k I$&t $8}Ist{ js$Bt V %R yt BZ {BZR Y$R {sR ZtR BZ B A s wAZ kBZ:jj R $ tBb stI YtU PB -s8}j R NsA M:R }YBBI$BI {${Z$ NMTD V WB Bt X7$tsjRU" zBjs %RZR ]Zt 1n V YkA$I {sR2 7$tsj sR }Bb ; q- -{$R 7B8$8R BZ Bsj $R B stRP PB8 XV" B X " }Bb U Rsk PB Y {sR bY b dd( }Bb bst B I$% s R}s, stI s A$ RBZtI BZ yt Y$R {sR b bst B Ij$% ABY stRP {Zt stI %Bjs B Y R}s, G b$jj A PZRsI $P $Y Bt $R R8sjj R$t{ Y R}s,:R }Bb b$jj A Y }BIZ{ BP %Bjs $8R {Zt 3B s $%t p5J x Y p{] %sjZ Ys 8s-$8$9R }Bb $t Y jBsI ZtR BZ B A t$Y js tB R8sjj js$% B p5Jx\ $tRsI b bst B 8s, Y bB %sjZR p5Jx\ stI p{]4 JZsj Z Y$R ss$t $R s {sR %k -{}$Btsj $t BZ {BZR G s {Bt{tI sj8BR sjbskR b$Y }B{RR$t stI stRP$t $tPB8s$Bt tB }Bb stI Ys $tPB8s$Bt b t{BI sj8BR sjbskR sR s %Bjs 1; Vt $jjZRs$% -s8}jU jBbT}sRR V jBbT}sRR }B%$IR s YstIk bsk B R Ys $ $R s %Bjs R$tsj Ys b bst B }sRR U s b$j BP $tPB8s$Bt b IB tB bst BZ hj B }sRR {Zt 3$Z xU NBb}sRR $jjZRsR Ys $:R %Bjs tB {Zt Ys b %$b sR R$tsj qY$R -s8}j $R }s${Zjsjk R$,$t A{sZR Y PJZt{k st $t bY${Y Y R$tsj $R }sRRI $R Y PJZt{k st bYt $tZ {Zt $R 8$t$8sjvstI %$R %Rs 1x yt{$Itsj }B$tU Y I{$Aj Iht$$Bt Ys $tRR ZR {sZR b s {Bt{tI b$Y }B{RR$t %BjsR b ZR s Iht$$Bt BP Y 8 I{$Aj Ys 4{R Ys $tRU wdD Q4 ) 1( qL/d( \1b\d G ZR Y$R $t }Pt{ B Y Iht$$Bt BP s s$B BP }BbR U w1D Q4 ) d( qL/d( h1bhd b$Y Y qY I$&t{ Abt Y bB PB8R 4{R Y Ps{ Ys }Bb $t s R$R$% jBsI %s$R RJZs BP %Bjs V WB Bt X7$tsjRU" zBjs %RZR ]Zt n x _Zt{Yj$tU y:R ytPB8s$Bt tB _Bb Ys $tRR ZR $t Y$R {BZR !t Y bsjj BP Y jBAAk BP yq:R ej{${sj et$t$t AZ$jI$t $R s YZ AjBbZ} BP s }YBB BP RB8 yq t$tR RstI$t s8Bt bYs jBB, j$, js tsBR s{Y sABZ Y R$9 BP s R8sjj {Bb qY }YBB R8R B Is PB8 Y dn(:R qY {s}$Bt RskR "ej{${sjR" ej{${sj et$t$t Yt bsR {Bt{tI 8BRjk b$Y YBR A$ 8s{Y$tRU b$Y Ij$%$t }Bb y bsR Y }Bb {B8}st$R Ys b Y$$t bYt 8k Zt{j ht$RYI s yq sBZtI dnE <BB% *s8 ht$RYI $t dnx bsR Y t$t$t bBtI BP Y Isk w$R bAR$ ABsRR %t tBb Ys $ b$YR EE 8$jj$Bt BtRD AsZ$PZjvstI j{Bt${R YR IskR $R {Bt{tI 8BRjk b$Y }B{RR$t $tPB8s$Btd q$8R Ys% {YstI sR kBZ 8sk Ys% tB${I 78sjj $R AsZ$PZj tstB $R -s 7B b j$, {${Z$R Ys }sRR stI }B{RR R$tsjR bY$j ts$t %k j$j YsvZR$t %k j$j }Bb G j$, PB -s8}j I$$sj {${Z$R 8sI BZ BP hjIT&{ stR$RBR Ys PB8 Rb${YR Yk B& jBb BZ}Z $8}Ist{ sstZst $t}Z $8}Ist{ stI JZ$R{t {Zt BP s}}B-$8sjk 9B qYk: tB stRP$t }Bb tB ZR$t $ tB Ij$%$t $ qYk: Isj$t $t $tPB8s$Bt qYs:R sj8BR sjbskR bYs b:jj A IB$t $t Y$R {BZR !A%$BZR }Ys}R2 _Ys}R w%BjT{ZtT`st(n- 3AZsk dd 1((nD @ y ZRR s }Bt$sjjk A$ -{}$Bt $R Y {Bt$tZ$t RZj B }BIZ{ st ^{$t stI {BtB8${ j{${sjjkT}BbI {s 7B8 jBk s bs$R Y j{${sjR bYB RZ{{I s Ys sR, ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online