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Exam3Review_S08 - FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE MUS103-1 S08...

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FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE MUS103-1 S08 Carlisle Bring scantron #16485, the purple one. This exam will be multiple-choice. The final exam is not comprehensive: it deals with Early Romantic Music (Beethoven) through 20 th Century Concert Music. Listen to the entire excerpt of each listening example: For the listening part of the test, I will likely not play the beginning of an excerpt—I might start in the middle of a track. Study the pages of the textbook while listening to each CD example. Listening questions will mostly address the musical elements of each piece, for example, melody, harmony, tempo, rhythm, timbre, etc. I might ask you to identify the style or composer of each piece. ROMANTIC PERIOD (1820-1910) Chapter 19: ( Toward Romanticism , pp. 197-212) & Chapter 20: (The Romantic Style: General Characteristics , pp. 213-219) Music and arts overall: In general, how do the arts and music change from the Classic to the Romantic period? Be able to describe the elements of music in Romantic music (pp. 200-202 and 217-219): 1. Dynamics Describe how dynamic range changes in Romantic music. o Increased dynamics range. We now hear extremely large and loud sounds indicative of Romantic music. We also hear the smallest and quietist of sounds ( ppppp) 2. Timbre How does the orchestra change? o Becomes larger and have more dynamics How does the piano develop? o Became a strong versatile instrument similar to present day piano and much larger and stronger How do brass instruments develop? o New instruments are introduced (ex tuba) 3. Tempo How are tempos now indicated more exactly in Romantic music? o With a metronome What is rubato ? o The beat is flexible, speeding up and slowing down for expression. 4. Melody: Are Romantic melodies longer and more lyrical than Classic ones? o yes 5. Harmony: 1
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From the Classic period, do composers create more dissonance in the Romantic period? o yes Do composers experiment with new chords and chord motions? o yes Do composers often use tones outside of the regular major and minor scales? o yes 6. Form: Do composers stray away from strict Classic forms? o yes What was the overriding goal of Romantic composers (p. 219)? Sought the most personal, most individual means of expression. Their art reflected the heighten emotion of their lives and an understanding of the personality and experience of each of the great romantics is essential to an understanding of his or her artistic expression. ROMANTIC COMPOSERS DISCUSSED IN CLASS: 1) LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (1770-1827), pp. 202-207. How is Beethoven both a Classic and Romantic composer? o Built with regard to form but felt to alter well-established form to suit his needs. What disability does Beethoven acquire in the middle of his life? How does his disability affect him personally and his music?
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