Class Notes Exam - Class Notes Exam#3 Why do people...

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Class Notes Exam #3 Why do people exercise: o look and feel good, athletic responsibilities, stress relief, health benefits o Decrease state anxiety, depression, and confusion (vigor up)=short term benefits o Relaxation/good feelings= long term benefits= trait anxiety decreases o Sleep better and deeper o Greater feelings of self esteem/worth/concept/accomplishment o Enhanced cognitive functioning The issues of exercise psych o Antecedents(what I bring to the table): demographics, personality, stage(trans- theoretical model), self perceptions, beliefs, motivation, barriers o Correlates(how we do exercise): perceived exertion, cognitive orientation (what are we focused on-goal orientation), overtraining, adherence, leadership, group, social comparison o Consequences: mood states, sleep, self perceptions, cognitive, exercise dependence, attributions(locus of control), stress Models of Exercise Behavior o Health belief model- severity of illness determines likelihood of healthy behaviors. If you are obese and you don’t exercise you will get diabetes so you then exercise. Scare tactic model. o Theory of planned behavior- perceived control will determine behavior. Locus of control matters. If I feel like I am able to do what you ask me to do then I will do it. I need to feel competent. o Social cognitive theory- personal, behavioral, and environmental factors. They all operate together to decide behavior and it is most critical for self efficacy. If all three factors are working well together then you will exercise. If you are ready to exercise outside but there is snow everywhere you cant do it. Trans-theoretical Model: Stages of Change. Any stage you can move forwards or backwards o Pre-contemplation stage- exercise not even a consideration/not on my mind. o Contemplation stage- self awareness. o Preparation stage o Action Stage o Maintenance stage- how do I keep doing it? Successful behavior maintenance: wellness challenge o People motivated to join exercise, weight loss, smoking cessation, and stress reduction programs change behaviors in short term o Successful long term success is unclear- bad adhering to things not full born habits o High risk individuals have greater chance at behavior change- ex. Health belief model o How to promote maintenance of newly acquired behaviors is still a challenge How to maintain exercise o Assessment- assess what exerciser is doing to encourage them and know what road blocks will occur. Very similar to idea of self awareness. Know their likes and dislikes, as well as their schedule, goals, social factors, injuries, budget 1. Increase appeal of lifestyle changes 2. Foresee potential obstacles
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3. Understand social supports 4. Care for individual differences o Appreciate challenges- what are the types of events occurring in life that will stop exercise. Ex. Potential for injuries, seasonal changes, stress. Coping skills should be included in the learning to have successful coping and self efficacy to push through challenges.
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  • Fall '16
  • Statistics, mental skills, exercise psych, exercise behavior, sports deterrence model, Pre-contemplation stage- exercise

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