PE375 Class notes - PE375 Class notes Exam class lectures...

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PE375 Class notes Exam- class lectures, textbook, additional readings Spectrum of sports psych Normal= some level anxiety of anxiety impairing us, depression Supernormal= super calm during a sporting event in which you ignore all negative comments and anxiety Abnormal- extremely weird, schizophrenia CC-AASP= expert of sports pysch History of Sports Psych o First sports psych experiment was in the 1890s by Norman Triplett Cycling enthusiast and social psych about group performance (social facilitation). Would presence of others allow you to perform better? How much does motivation and anxiety of sport do with others? Others mater An opponent is a good thing as long as we perceive it that way o 1940s- Coleman Griffeth- Uchicago. Father of sports psych First applied sports psych and known lab Focus on psych of coaching Taught coaches how to build confidence so players thrive 1980s- all about mental skills. o 1985- APA (American psychological association) Division 47 AAASP (Association for advancement of applied sports psych) Sport psych is a combination of kinesiology and psychology o 1990s- CC-AASP A lot about the development of expertise o 2000s- youth development. Using sports to develop life skill. Self determination theory (motivation theory) Topic of Personality in Sport o Started in the 1970s o Personality=underlying, relatively stable psychological structure and process that organizes human experience and shapes a person’s activities and reactions to the environment. Relatively stable= consistent, predictive Element of organization to personality. Labels help organize people. Helps people understand how they will carry themselves Personality has an internal locus. Cannot be entirely explained by external Behavior possesses some degree of structure Personality always involves defining aspects of a person o Athletes are more stable, extroverted, competitive, dominant, self-confident, achievement oriented, psych well adjusted, authoritarian. Have more conservative political views and higher levels of persistence o Successful athletes differ in: inhibition, irritability, aggressiveness, fatigability, physical complaints, health concerns o Problems with sport personality research” few clear definitions, poor sampling techniques, inappropriate statistical analysis, misuse of personality measurements, attributing cause and effect to results revealing simple relationships o Perfectionism: Maladaptive High standards for self
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Fear of making mistakes Highly concerned about the perceptions and evaluations of others Stressful and exhausting Adaptive High standards for self Accept that mistakes happen Driven by self-referenced (goal orientations) measures of success Low levels of perceived external pressure Embracing of challenge o Theoretical Approaches Psychodynamic- Freud Trait- the truest look at personality. Predisposition. Personality comes within
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  • Fall '16
  • Statistics, Self determination theory, Achievement Theory- motivation

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