1.Those who advocated immediate secession by each state individually were opposed by the “cooperationists” who believed the slave states should act as a unit. If the cooperationists had triumphed, secession would have been delayed until a southern convention had agreed on it. The last attempt at compromise was the moderation shown in Montgomery resulted in part from a desire to win support for the cause of secessionism in the reluctant states of the upper South. It also revealed that proslavery reactionaries’ in the reluctant states of the upper south. 2.The Civil War was a “total war” involving every aspect of society because the North could achieve its aim of restoring the Union on by defeating the South so thoroughly that its separatist government would be overthrown. It was a long war because the Confederacy put up “a hell of a fight” before it would agree to be put to death. A total war is a test of societies, economies, and political systems, as well as a battle of wits between generals and military strategies.
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