CompleteAnthroExam1Review - Anthropology 101 Exam 1 Review...

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Anthropology 101 Exam 1 Review SheetFour fields of anthropology sociocultural study of human society and culture; cultural similarities and differences based on ethnography archaeology reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior, history and patterns through material remains excavation is a key method linguistic language in social and cultural contexts across time and space language, power, inequality biological examines human diversity over time and space human genetics human growth and development biological plasticity non-human primates evolution and behavior Human evolution revealed through fossil record (paleoanthropology) Origins of North American anthropology 19th century attempts to understand native americans Ethnography long-term field work in one community, participant observation involves immersion into local culture observation, interviews, “hanging out” Rapport friendly, working relationship with people developed through time, sensitivity, and self-awareness it is a long term investment and is used to get closer to people to make doing ethnographic research easier build trust Malinowski individual psychology is molded in a specific cultural context to understand culture you have to use participant observation Oldowan tools [represents changes in cognition] world’s oldest formally recognized tools flakes and cores chopper is a tool made from cores used for breaking, bashing, and dismembering major cultural innovation that homo erectus expanded upon Acheulean tools lower (early) paleolithic toolmaking tradition used by h. erectus
difference from oldowan as the technique was to chip the core bilaterally and symmetrically - made much sharper tools used for skinning, gutting, and cutting Chimps and tool use Vary regionally Learned through social transmission pretty simple Boas father of four field anthropology Participant Observation Direct, firsthand observation of behavior Wide ranging; can be minute details uninteresting to those who you study attempt to foster positive relations with the people we’re studying Culture innate human capacity to create and transmit traditions, beliefs, symbols that govern behavior ex.) speech communication culture variation created by geography, environment, history, economics, politics, and people ex.) tattooing Characteristics of culture culture is learned directly (lessons), indirectly (observations), often absorbed unconsciously culture is shared evolves and transmitted across generations and space members of culture share memories, goals, ideals, beliefs, etc.

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