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Study Guide Quiz 2Everyday social behavior (Microsociology)•Study of everyday life reveals how humans can act creatively to shape reality; we perceive reality differently according to our backgrounds, interests and motivations. We constantly shape reality through the decisions and actions we take: social construction of reality•Individuals in the same physical setting demonstrate to one another that they are aware ofeach other’s presence.•Goffman insisted that we look at all parts of human interaction and developed the dramaturgical perspective.•Goffman indicated at least three reasons why studying seemingly trivial aspects of social life matter:1.Our everyday routines provide (and illustrate) the structure of our lives.2.Interactions reveal the importance of human agency, creative action.3.Interactions can tell us a lot about our larger society.Body movements and gestures are continually used to convey meanings, however none of thesecan be universally used as they vary depending on the culture. Direct gazes are related to civil inattention where each individual indicates recognition of the other person’s presence but avoids any gesture that might be taken as too intrusive such as direct gazes whichcan be construed as a sign of hostile intent, mistrust or failure to understand what the other is saying. Unfocused attention, people gathering in crowds are aware of one another but there is no direct communication, instead, they communicate non verbally through their posture and facial and physical gestures. Focused interaction is a direct conversation with another.Impression managementPreparing for the presentation of one’s social role in order to compel others to react to them in the ways they wish. The opportunity to try and control what others see and/or know about youDifferent roles we play require different impression management; some impression management is sincere and some is cynical.
Every day each of us starts by getting dressed, which is a crucial piece of impression management. With what we wear, we reveal a great deal of social information alluding to class, subculture, sexuality, interests, and sometimes even politics or ideas.Social role socially defined expectations that a person in a given status follows; expectations of an individual in a given status: teenager, worker…Expected behavior of a person occupying a particular social position. The idea of social role originally comes from the theater referring to the parts that actors play in a stage production. In every society, individuals play a number of social roles.Status isthe social honor or prestige that a particular group is accorded by the other members of a society. Status groups normally display distinct styles of life- patterns of behavior that the members of a group follow. Status privilege may be positive or negative. Pariah status groups areregarded with disdain or treated as outcasts by the majority of the populationInformation on internetthere is increasing isolation caused by the internet. People who