Study guide for Quiz 1 - Study guide for Quiz 1 Sociology definition Sociology is the scientific study of human social life groups and societies

Study guide for Quiz 1 - Study guide for Quiz 1 Sociology...

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Study guide for Quiz 1Sociology – definitionSociology is the scientific study of human social life, groups and societies. sociological imaginationIt is understanding the ways in which our lives reflect the contexts of our social experiences. The application of imaginative thought to the asking and answering of sociological questions. Someone using this "thinks himself away" from the familiar routines of daily life. The practice of sociology involves the ability to think imaginatively and to detach oneself from preconceived ideas about social relationships.GlobalizationThe development of social and economic relationships stretching worldwide. We are now influenced by organizations and social networks located thousands of miles away.double consciousness Web Du Buois, the way of talking about identity through the lens of the particular experiences of Africans Americans. There are two ways people act: 1) how they would actually move through the world 2) how they would move through the world depending on how others see thempostmodernism the notion that shared meanings may have eroded. The belief that society is no longer governed by history or progress We are not governed by history or progressWe are living in a highly pluralistic and diverse society We are exposed to ideas, images, from all over theworld. We have little connection with the history of the areas in which we live or with our own personal histories. There are major transformations for all of us. Our attempts to understand the social world are doomed to failtheories - functionalist, symbolic interactionist, conflict, feminism.PerspectiveAnalysis LevelNature of SocietyFunctionalistMacro LevelSociety is composed of interrelated parts thatwork together to maintain stability. Stability isthreatened by dysfunctional acts and institutionsConflictMacro-LevelSociety is characterized by social inequality; social life is a struggle for scarce resources. Social arrangements benefit some groups at the expense of others.InteractionistMicro-LevelSociety is the sum of interactions of people and groups.. How people define the situation becomes the foundation of how they behave.Structural FunctionalSocial ConflictSymbolic Interaction
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OrientationMacro levelMacro levelMicro levelSociologistsComte/DurkheimDu Bois/MarxWeber/MeadFocusSocial StructuresPromote stabilityDivision based on inequalityPatterns of social inequalityTasksIdentify functionsReduce social inequalityUnderstand interactionsConceptsFunctions/dysfunctionsStratification of inequalityUse of symbolsEvaluationNo varianceValues ignoredIgnores social structure
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