HIV_notes - Causative Agent: Evidence of Zoonosis...

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Causative Agent: Evidence of Zoonosis SIVsm(sooty mangabey) --- HIV-2 SIVcpz(Chimpanzee) --- HIV-1 How do people get sick, and what is the clinical picture like? Sexual transmission Injection drug use Blood, blood products, tissue Perinatal transmission Needlestick injury How many people die from this problem each year, globally About 2 million people die each year from AIDS Most affected areas geographically Majority of people living with HIV are located in sub-Saharan Africa. The highest adult prevalence is in the south section of Africa. I.e. South Africa, Ethiopia, Kenya, About 28 out of the 33 living with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa Do the current control strategies focus more on prevention or treatment? Prevention: Education about HIV transmission Education about safe sex Condoms Thailand issued a campaign for 100% condom use Was very effective Monogamous relationships Uganda pushed “Zero Grazing” campaign a.k.a monogamous
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2008 for the course NS 2060 taught by Professor Stoltzfus,r. during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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HIV_notes - Causative Agent: Evidence of Zoonosis...

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