posifinal - Neo-Liberal Institutionalism Effects of anarchy...

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Neo-Liberal Institutionalism Effects of anarchy can be dulled by institutions (I.G.O.’s) Institutions create more cooperation Institutions are dominated by the balance of power Domestic level theories Unit level What happens in states, and how it affects international relations Tells why different units act differently even when similarly placed Inside-out theories Statist approach: Focus on a state’s foreign policy Societal Focus on the roll of non-government groups that act within a state Public opinion Hybrids Utilize aspects from statist and societal Statist: Regime or government type Democratic states are less likely to fight with other democracies Monadic system theory Democratic states fight less overall Dyadic system theory Democratic states fight fewer wars with other democracies Authoritarian regime Freer hand, leaders aren’t constrained by public opinion Can act at will Have more power in crisis bargaining They have the last word in deciding Bureaucracies Organizational process model Helps formulate and implement policies Bureaucratic politics paradigm The way states make decisions influences on how the decisions are made Organizational position determines policy stance Policy makers take a stand in which will benefit their bureaucratic stance, not what is best for the country Foreign policy decisions and actions do not represent the intent of one figure Unintended result of bargaining, pulling and hauling among principle policy makers Implementation:
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Affected by standardized operation procedures, invested interests Slippage What you get between input and output Andresky argument Military dictatorships are more peaceful Designed militaries are focused on parasitic activities Less capable to fight a foreign war Focused on domestic issues Dassel argument Authoritarian regimes Peaceful foreign relations or hostile Decision that is made based on their interests Diversionary theory of war Political elites use aggressive foreign policies as a means of increasing or maintaining domestic support Diverting attention Individual analysis Things which are relevant to individuals is the independent variable Opposite of systemic analysis Individual leaders and how they think Human nature Focuses on the nature of the people who make up states Certain human nature makes conflict and war inevitable Pessimistic view: Niebuhr, Thucydides Humans are naturally evil Lust for power can create problems War, etc. Optimistic view:
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2008 for the course POSI 3322 taught by Professor Ruger during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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posifinal - Neo-Liberal Institutionalism Effects of anarchy...

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