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posimidterm - Power is having the ability of getting...

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Power is having the ability of getting another to do what it may not have done Can either be physical power or peaceful power Not international politics, but interstate politics States are the primary actors in current politics What is a nation? An imagined self-conscious community Shared ethnicity, culture, language May or may not possess a state Others say it holds a physical piece of the earth, not necessary to have shared ethnicity, etc. Or it shares a common government World politics Non-state actors dealing with states to gain power Occurs between all the actors, not just states International relations Everything that happens in the world that includes every actor, a variety Same as international politics, also interstate politics What is a state? Max Weber: “A human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a given territory.” Legitimate in their own eyes, not everyone’s It is a state ruled by violence and fear Ex. Bolshevik revolution in Russia, when the communists took control Interstate politics The competition for and the exercise of power and authority amongst states The different actors in international politics: States, the primary actor Includes city-states I.G.O.’s Inter-governmental organizations Can be solely economic OPEC Or security Oriented NATO N.G.O.’s Non-governmental organizations Red cross, Al-Quieda, Amnesty International Levels of analysis Ways to categorize independent variables
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Individual level The independent variable is an individual or a group of individuals Domestic level Domestic political structures Cultural arguments Systemic level The international system Anarchy, the key difference between domestic and international levels The absence of government No legal authority to control situations between states Each actor is responsible for their own security If conflict arises between states, a larger 3 rd party state will intervene Consequences of anarchy The Security Dilemma Arises when one states increases their power to feel secure, surrounding states then follow to also feel safe. Can create an arms race Self-help system The only states to rely on, is itself Creates fear in states, to run away from issues rather than confront them Relative gains concerns The distribution of gains is unequal The state which ends up getting the short end of the stick can become hostile Less cooperation between states as a whole The distinction between realism and idealism in international politics Realists: States are power hungry Idealists: States have the ability to improve and cooperate Thucydides – 400 BC, the first Realist The history of international politics The middle east 2000-1000 BC Ancient Sumer In current day Iraq
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