CMNS 101 Discussion Notes Chp. 2

CMNS 101 Discussion Notes Chp. 2 - Chapter 2 Adler and...

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Chapter 2 Adler and Rodman Perception: The Self and Communication PERCEPTION: The process by which you become aware of objects and events from the senses. 1. Can be objects, events, people 2. Through any of five sensory systems 3. Your perceptions of yourself and others dictates how you communicate with others. 4. Your perceptions dictate how you feel about the interaction afterwards. Perception is SUBJECTIVE : Your perceptions are based on certain physiological and psychological characteristics. INFLUENCES ON YOUR PERCEPTIONS: 1. TIME: How does time influence your perceptions? Examples? I.E. You might change your perception with a change in circumstances over time. Example: Your attitude about going to college. Once class, one semester, your entire time at school. 2. PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS: a. Differences in height, weight, body type b. Your gender c. Your level of sensory awareness d. Sensory additions: wearing glasses, hearing aid e. Temporary Conditions: headache, fatigue, injury, pain, hunger, thirst. 3. EXPECTATIONS: A nticipation shapes interpretations a. Your name is first impression: b. Your voice on the telephone, or e-mail screename c. Stereotyping can influence your expectations. 4. PAST EXPERIENCES AND ROLES : * Perceptual constancy : Past experiences lead us to see the world in a way that is difficult to change Your initial perceptions persist Example: child bitten by a dog may have lasting impression of all dogs through to adulthood.
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5. ROLES YOU PLAY: *You are a student, teacher, worker, son, daughter, mother, father, marital status, * affects how you communicate with others * affects who you are willing to talk with * affects how you talk with others * affects the language you use when in the company of certain people 6. CULTURE: * conditions how we see, hear, taste, touch, smell * perceptions are learned over time , result of culture * cultural diversity teaches us how others perceptions differ from our own Co-Culture : A group within a dominant culture whose members identify with each other through appearance, language or some form of ritual. Can be defined by: Gender, religion, marital status, age, geographic location, sexual orientation. Example using gender: Talk for women is primarily relational : to share and understand Feelings. Talk for men is primarily instrumental: as a way to achieve a task THE PROCESS OF PERCEPTION: 5 MAIN ACTIVITIES I. ATTENTION: (SELECTION FROM Adler Text): We focus on a stimuli Example: stimuli can be larger/smaller, louder/softer, brighter/dull, softer/harder, odorless/fragrance, intensity, 4 TYPES OF SELECTION: Selective Attention : focus on some stimuli and neglect some others in the environment.
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