CMNS 101 Discussion Notes Chp 6

CMNS 101 Discussion Notes Chp 6 - CMNS 101 Discussion Notes...

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CMNS 101 Discussion Notes: Chapter 6 Nonverbal Communication Historical Background : Charles Darwin: field scientist, worked with behaviors of other species and how they relate to man’s Nonverbal communication. Ray Birdwhistell : 1. “Father” of Nonverbal Communication 2. Coins the term KINESICS: the study of posture, movement , gestures, and facial expressions. 3. His studies prove that 65% of the emotional impact of a message is nonverbal and 35% verbal Albert Merhrabian: psychologist proves that 93% nonverbal and only 7% verbal. Julius Fast: popularized Nonverbal communication by publishing his studies in Body Language Characteristics of Nonverbal Communication 1. CONTINUOUS : You cannot not communicate. 2. RELATIONAL : Nonverbal is better suited to expressing attitudes and feelings Verbal is better for expressing thoughts and ideas. Nonverbal good for transmitting How we Feel Verbal is good for transmitting How we Think
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3. AMBIGUOUS 1. One symbol communicates many meanings 2. Variety of codes communicate the same meaning. 3. decoding ability increases with age and training and experiences. 4. extroverts and women seem to be better at interpreting Nonverbal 4. HIGHLY INFLUENCED BY CULTURE 1. Each culture has nonverbal language system 2. Each culture has rules and regulations 3. Main areas of differences between cultures.: H and gestures : peace sign, V for victory, waving, index Finger, shhhhhh, shrugging shoulders, middle finger extended. Spatial Relationships Eye Contact 4. Some expressions are universal: smiles, laughter, frowning 5. Some indications of innateness: both deaf and blind children exhibit abilities to laugh, smile, cry without being taught. FUNCTIONS OF NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 1. REPEATING: The nonverbal message repeats the verbal message simultaneously. Primarily for showing size, shape or directions.
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2. SUBSTITUTING : The nonverbal message is substituted for the verbal Emblems: deliberate nonverbal signals that have precise meanings.
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