JUS 387 Final guide

JUS 387 Final guide - Final Exam Study Guide Week...

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Final Exam Study Guide Week VI (October 1 and 3): The Inquisition and the Eve of the Reformation Assigned Reading: Chazan pp. 43-51, pp. 169-281; Carroll pp. 313-362 What was the relationship between the Crusades and the Inquisition? The Crusades lead to a wind of “questioning authority” across Europe. In 1215, a group of baron got together and created the Magana Carta, which basically stated that rulers have a responsibility to the ruled and the ruled have a responsibility to the rulers. “It is not a one way street”. The Magna Carta led to parliament, a representative body that could talk with the ruler. This ended a 1000 year of unquestionable rule of the rulers, now the ruler had to negotiate with the people. It wasn’t long before the Church realized that this wind of “questioning authority” would extend to questioning the Church and so the popes reacted by calling the 4 th Lateran Council (Carroll, 281-285), which also established the Pople as the feudal leader of the world. This council also put forth legislation defining the modern Catholic Church of today, basically saying the Church is the only way to God. The routes of the inquisition come from the 4 th Lateran Council, a goal of the council was to eliminate heresy. The next Pope, Gregory the 9 th set up roaming Church courts that were the earliest form of the Inquisition. Pope Innocent in 1252 allowed torture. What does Carrol tell us about how the Inquisition began? The Inquisition came from the 1215 and right after the 4 th Lateran Council as a response to the ‘forces’ that lead to the Magna Carta. These forces were questioning authority and “flexing their muscles to think on their own” and in the thousand year old bible war against heresy was to establish the Church as the only way to be saved. Later on, one of the popes setup roaming courts that were aimed at dissenting Christians and burned at the sake, people who questioned in anyway what the Church taught. What the connection between the Crusades and Inquisition? Bloodshed and violence was legitimatized by the crusades and instituted in the Inquisition. What the Crusades tried to do in the Middle-East was what the Inquisition tried to do in Europe. The same idea of “God Wills it”. What were the long-term consequences of the Crusades both for Jews and for the West in general? And for the Muslim world? Week VIII (October 15 and 17): The Renaissance and the Reformation Assigned Reading: Carroll pp. 363-397, Stillman pp. 67-94 In what sense could the Renaissance and the Reformation be considered consequences of the Crusades?
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The crusaders brought back some of the Muslim thought about equality and questioning authority, which lead to some of the scientific and political movements in the Renaissance and the religious upheavals in the Reformation. The crusaders also brought with them a taste for merchandise they had gotten used to in the
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JUS 387 Final guide - Final Exam Study Guide Week...

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