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Exam 1 study guide - Public Policy and Health Exam One...

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Public Policy and Health Exam One Chapter 1 Q. Define public policy and policy analysis and differential between public policy and  political science. A. Public policy is what the government chooses to do or not to do. Policy analysis is  the finding out about what governments do, why they do it, and what difference if any  does it make. The difference between public policy and political science is that political  science is the study of public policy, the study of the causes and consequences of  government activity. Q. What is the Significance of government spending as an indicator of functions? A, The more the government spends, the bigger it is growing, and more and more  people count on the government to fix their personal and societal troubles. As it spends  less, that means the government is getting smaller and less involved in society. Q. Why and how has the government grown and which are the largest federal vs. state  expenditures? A. The government has grown by having more people count on them to solve societies  problems, and thus to fix these problems the government taxes people to fund policies  they institute. The largest federal vs. state expenditures are national defense and social  security/Medicare. Q. What are the steps involved in public policy making? How does one determine its’  success? What are the skills required for policy analysis? A. The steps involved in public policy making are the following: problem identification,  agenda setting, policy formation, public legitimation, policy implentation, policy  evaluation. A person can determine a policies success by looking at who it affected and  if it helped solve the problem at hand. A major skill required for policy analysis is to have 
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knowledge about the situation, past policies, and how everything worked out according  to the policy outline. Q. What are several problems with defining problem areas/ predicting outcomes? A. The main problems with defining problem areas are the following: disagreement over  the problem and its consequences and predicting human behavior to a policy.
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