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Lecture 2 -- The French Revolution.outline

Lecture 2 -- The French Revolution.outline - 2 Liberty 3...

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THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789-1799 I. Why was the French Revolution important? II. How did the French and American Revolutions differ? III. Preconditions of the French Revolution A. Antagonisms within and among social orders in French society 1. Church 2. Nobility A. Paris Parelement 3. Third Estate B. New ideas 1. Liberty 2. Popular sovereignty 3. Equality C. Economic crises of the 1770s and 1780s 1. Poor harvests 2. Large debt 3. Too many exempt from taxation 4. Corrupt tax collection system D. Character of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette IV. The end of the ancien regime and the first stage of the Revolution, 1789-1791 A. Financial crisis B. Convening the Estates General C. Formation of the National Assembly and the Tennis Court Oath
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D. Storming the Bastille E. Peasant uprising and the end of serfdom F. Accomplishments of the liberal stage of the Revolution 1. Social equality
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Liberty 3. Secularization of the Church 4. Constitution of 1791 a. Creation of the Legislative Assembly 5. Laissez-faire economic policy II. The second stage: Radical Republicanism, 1792-1794 A. Foreign threat: Declaration of Pillnitz and French declaration of war against Austria B. Emergence of the Jacobins C. Rise of the First Republic 1. Louis XVI deposed 2. Election of the National Convention D. The Terror: Execution of the king and queen and up to 20,000 others E. Cultural warfare 1. Attacks on Christianity 2. New calendar 3. Name changes F. Total war against the First Coalition III. The third stage: The “thermidorean” reaction, 1794-1799 A. Constitution of 1795 and creation of a new Legislative Assembly 1. The Directory B. The coup d = état of Napoleon Bonaparte, 18 th of Brumaire 7 (November 9, 1799)...
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Lecture 2 -- The French Revolution.outline - 2 Liberty 3...

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